Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-56f9d74cfd-rbfsf Total loading time: 0.236 Render date: 2022-06-27T19:09:47.918Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true }

Coalition Erosion and Presidential Instability in Ecuador

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2018

Andrés Mejía Acosta
Affiliation:
Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex. a.mejiaacosta@ids.ac.uk
John Polga-Hecimovich
Affiliation:
University of Pittsburgh. jop42@pitt.edu

Abstract

This article advances the idea that coalition formation and maintenance in highly fragmented presidential regimes is not only crucial to overcoming policy deadlock, but in some cases, critical to ensuring government survival. To advance this argument, the article looks at the formation and demise of legislative coalitions in Ecuador between 1979 and 2006. The empirical data suggest that paradoxically, government coalitions became more difficult to sustain after the adoption of institutional reforms intended to strengthen the president's legislative powers. The adoption of those reforms, it is argued, undermined the legislative incentives to cooperate with the government and helped to accelerate coalition erosion. Not only did the reforms fail significantly to avoid policy deadlock, but in some cases they contributed to the early termination of presidential mandates. This article contributes to the study of coalition survival and how it is linked to policymaking.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © University of Miami 2011

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Albornoz, Vicente, Araujo, M. Caridad, and Mejía Acosta, Andrés. 2009. The Political Economy of the Budget Process: The Case of Ecuador. In Who Decides the Budget? A Political Economy Analysis of the Budget Process in Latin America, ed. Hallerberg, Mark. S., Scartascini, Carlos, and Stein, Eduardo. Cambridge : Harvard University Press. 123–56.Google Scholar
Alston, Lee, Melo, Marcus, Mueller, Bernardo, and Pereira, Carlos. 2009. Presidential Power, Fiscal Responsibility Laws and the Allocation of Spending: The Case of Brazil. In Who Decides the Budget? A Political Economy Analysis of the Budget Process in Latin America, ed. Hallerberg, Mark. S., Scartascini, Carlos, and Stein, Eduardo. Cambridge : Harvard University Press. 5790.Google Scholar
Altman, David. 2000. Politics of Coalition Formation and Survival in Multiparty Presidential Democracies: the Case of Uruguay (1989–1997). Party Politics 6, 3: 259–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ames, Barry. 1995. Electoral Strategy under Open-List Proportional Representation. American Journal of Political Science 39: 406–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ames, Barry. 2001. The Deadlock of Democracy in Brazil. Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Amorim Neto, Octavio. 2002. Presidential Cabinets and Legislative Cohesion in Brazil. In Legislative Politics in Latin America, ed. Morgenstern, Scott and Nacif, Benito. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. 4878.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Amorim Neto, Octavio. 2006. The Presidential Calculus: Executive Policy Making and Cabinet Formation in the Americas. Comparative Political Studies 29, 4: 415–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Amorim Neto, Octavio, and Santos, Fabiano. 2001. The Executive Connection: Presidentially Defined Factions and Party Discipline in Brazil. Party Politics 7, 2: 213–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Andrade, A. Pablo. 2005. ¿Populismos renovados? Ecuador y Venezuela en perspectiva comparada. In Constitucionalismo autoritario: los regímenes contemporáneos en la región andina, ed. Andrade, . Quito : Corporación Editoria Nacional. 1123.Google Scholar
Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M, De Boef, Suzanna, and Kyle, A. Joyce. 2007. Event Dependence and Heterogeneity in Duration Models: the Conditional Frailty Model. Political Analysis 15: 237–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Calvo, Ernesto. 2007. The Responsive Legislature: Public Opinion and Law Making in a Highly Disciplined Congress. British Journal of Political Science 37, 2: 263–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carey, John M. 1996. Parties, Incentives, and Term Limits in Costa Rica. In Term Limits: Public Choice Perspectives, ed. Grofman, Bernard. Boston : Kluwer Academic. 321–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carey, John M., and Matthew, S. Shugart. 1995. Incentives to Cultivate a Personal Vote: a Rank Ordering of Electoral Formulas. Electoral Studies 14, 4: 417–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
El Comercio (Quito). 2007. March 8.Google Scholar
Conaghan, Catherine M., and James, M. Malloy. 1995. Unsettling Statecraft: Democracy and Neoliberalism in the Central Andes. Pittsburgh : Unviersity of Pittsburgh Press.Google Scholar
Coppedge, Michael. 1994. Strong Parties and Lame Ducks: Presidential Partyarchy and Factionalism in Venezuela. Stanford : Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Dahik, Alberto. 1995. Impeachment Proceedings of Vice President Alberto Dahik. Quito : Congreso Nacional del Ecuador.Google Scholar
Dahik, Alberto. 2006. Former vice President, Ecuador. Author interview. San José, Costa Rica, October 13.Google Scholar
Diario Hoy (Quito). 2003. Psc, Psp y Pre tiene siete temas en común. June 27.Google Scholar
Diario Hoy (Quito). 2004a. Borbúa armó la grande. April 14.Google Scholar
Diario Hoy (Quito). 2004b. Inicio de juicio a Presidente Gutiérrez, cuestión de horas. November 4.Google Scholar
Fitch, J. Samuel. 2005. Post-Transition Coups: Ecuador 2000. an Essay in Honor of Martin Needler. Journal of Political and Military Sociology 33, 1: 3958.Google Scholar
Freidenberg, Flavia. 2003. Jama, Caleta y Camello. Las estrategias de Abdalá Bucaram y el PRE para ganar elecciones. Quito : Corporación Editora Nacional.Google Scholar
Freidenberg, Flavia. 2008. El sueño frustrado de la gobernabilidad: instituciones, actores y política informal en Ecuador. Barcelona : CIDOB.Google Scholar
Hochstetler, Kathryn. 2006. Rethinking Presidentialism: Challenges and Presidential Falls in South America. Comparative Politics 38, 4: 401–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Informe Confidencial' 19982006. Consultores. Various issues.Google Scholar
Llanos, Mariana, and Marsteintredet, Leiv, eds. 2010. Presidential Breakdowns in Latin America: Causes and Outcomes of Executive Instability in Developing Democracies. New York : Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lujambio, Alonso. 1995. Federalismo y congreso en el cambio político de México. Mexico City : Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas.Google Scholar
Mahuad, Jamil. 2002. Former president, Ecuador. Author interview. Cambridge, MA, July 9.Google Scholar
Mainwaring, Scott P. 1999. Rethinking Party Systems in the Third Wave of Democratization: The Case of Brazil. Stanford : Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Mejía Acosta, Andrés. 2006. Crafting Legislative Ghost Coalitions in Ecuador: Informal Institutions and Economic Reform in an Unlikely Case. In Informal Institutions and Democracy: Lessons from Latin America, ed. Helmke, Gretchen and Levitsky, Steven. Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press. 6986.Google Scholar
Mejía Acosta, Andrés. 2009. Informal Coalitions and Policymaking in Latin America. New York : Routledge.Google Scholar
Mejía Acosta, Andrés, Araujo, M. Caridad, Pérez-Liñán, Aníbal, and Saiegh, Sebastian M.. 2008. Veto Players, Fickle Institutions, and Low-Quality Policies: The Policymaking Process in Ecuador. In Political Institutions, Policymaking Processes, and Policy Outcomes, ed. Spiller, Pablo T., Stein, Eduardo, and Tommasi, Mariano. Cambridge : Harvard University Press. 243–85.Google Scholar
Morgenstern, Scott, and Nacif, Benito, eds. 2002. Legislative Politics in Latin America. New York : Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morgenstern, Scott, Negri, Juan J., and Pérez-Liñán, Aníbal. 2008. Parliamentary Opposition in Non-Parliamentary Regimes: Latin America. Journal of Legislative Studies 14, 1: 160–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Negretto, Gabriel L. 2006. Minority Presidents and Democratic Performance in Latin America. Latin American Politics and Society 48, 3 (Fall): 6392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
NotiSur' 1995a. Ecuador: Criminal Charges against vice President Alberto Dahik Deepen Political Crisis. NotiSur—South American Political Affairs 5 (September 1). Electronic newsletter.Google Scholar
NotiSur' 1995b. Ecuador: vice President Alberto Dahik Resigns after Congress Fails to Impeach Him; Now Faces Legal Charges. NotiSur—South American Political Affairs 5 (October 13).Google Scholar
Pachano, Simon. 1997. ¡Bucaram, Fuera! Bucaram, ¿Fuera? In ¿Y ahora qué? Una contribución al análisis político-histórico actual. Quito : Eskeletra Editorial. 229–64.Google Scholar
Pachano, Simon. 2005. Ecuador: cuando la inestabilidad se vuelve estable. Iconos: Revista de Ciencias Sociales 23: 3946.Google Scholar
Pachano, Simon. 2007. Partidos y sistema de partidos en el Ecuador. In La política por dentro: cambios y continuidades en las organizaciones políticas de los países andinos, ed. Roncagliolo, Rafael and Meléndez, Carlos. Lima : International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA)-Asociación Civil Transparencia. 161212.Google Scholar
Pallares, Amalia. 2006. Mass Mobilization and Presidential Removal in Ecuador: entre la ira y la esperanza. LASA Forum 37, 1: 2226.Google Scholar
Pereira, Carlos, and Mueller, Bernardo. 2004. The Cost of Governing: Strategic Behavior of the President and Legislators in Brazil's Budgetary Process. Comparative Political Studies 37, 7: 781815.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pérez-Liñán, Aníbal. 2006. Evaluating Presidential Runoff Elections. Electoral Studies 25, 1: 129–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pérez-Liñán, Aníbal. 2007. Crisis Without Breakdown: Presidential Impeachment and the New Political Instability in Latin America. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pyne, Peter. 1976. Legislatures and Development: the Case of Ecuador, 1960–1961. Comparative Political Studies 9, 1: 6992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Raile, Eric D., Pereira, Carlos, and Power, Timothy J.. Forthcoming. The Executive Toolbox: Building Legislative Support in a Multiparty Presidential Regime. Political Research Quarterly.Google Scholar
Samuels, David J. 2003. Ambition, Federalism, and Legislative Politics in Brazil. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sánchez López, Francisco. 2008. Democracia no lograda o democracia malograda: un análisis del sistema político del Ecuador, 1979–2002. Quito : FLACSO.Google Scholar
Taylor, Michael. 1988. Rationality and Revolutionary Collective Action. In Rationality and Revolution, ed. Taylor, . New York : Cambridge University Press. 6397.Google Scholar
Weekly News Update on the Americas. 1995. Ecuadorian Vice President Resigns, Flees Country. No. 298 (October 15), Electronic newsletter. New York : Nicaragua Solidarity Network of Greater New York.Google Scholar
Yashar, Deborah J. 2006. Ethnic Politics and Political Instability in the Andes. In State and Society in Conflict, ed. Drake, Paul W. and Hershberg, Eric. Pittsburgh : University of Pittsburgh Press. 189219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
22
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Coalition Erosion and Presidential Instability in Ecuador
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Coalition Erosion and Presidential Instability in Ecuador
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Coalition Erosion and Presidential Instability in Ecuador
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *