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Relativistic and ponderomotive effects on evolution of dark hollow Gaussian electromagnetic beams in a plasma

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 October 2010

T.S. Gill*
Department of Physics, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India
R. Mahajan
Department of Physics, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India
R. Kaur
Department of Physics, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Tarsem Singh Gill, Department of Physics, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar-143005, India. E-mail:


Nonlinear parabolic partial differential equation governing the evolution of complex envelope in slowly varying envelope approximation is solved using variational approach. The basic nonlinear phenomena of relativistic and ponderomotive self-focusing in a plasma are taken into account. Self-focusing, self-phase modulation as well as self-trapping of dark hollow Gaussian beam is studied for higher orders of hollow Gaussian beam (n).

Research Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2010

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