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Production of sub-gigabar pressures by a hyper-velocity impact in the collider using laser-induced cavity pressure acceleration

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 September 2017

J. Badziak*
Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, 01-497 Warsaw, Poland
M. Kucharik
Czech Technical University, FNSPE, 115 49 Praha 1, Czech Republic
R. Liska
Czech Technical University, FNSPE, 115 49 Praha 1, Czech Republic
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: J. Badziak, Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, 01-497 Warsaw, Poland. E-mail:


Production of high dynamic pressure using a strong shock wave is a topic of high relevance for high-energy-density physics, inertial confinement fusion, and materials science. Although the pressures in the multi-Mbar range can be produced by the shocks generated with a large variety of methods, the higher pressures, in the sub-Gbar or Gbar range, are achievable only with nuclear explosions or laser-driven shocks. However, the laser-to-shock energy conversion efficiency in the laser-based methods currently applied is low and, as a result, multi-kJ multi-beam lasers have to be used to produce such extremely high pressures. In this paper, the generation of high-pressure shocks in the newly proposed collider in which the projectile impacting a solid target is driven by the laser-induced cavity pressure acceleration (LICPA) mechanism is investigated using two-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations. A special attention is paid to the dependence of shock parameters and the laser-to-shock energy conversion efficiency on the impacted target material and the laser driver energy. It has been found that both in case of low-density and high-density solid targets, the shock pressures in the sub-Gbar range can be produced in the LICPA-based collider with the laser energy of only a few hundreds of joules, and the laser-to-shock energy conversion efficiency can reach values of 10–20%, by an order of magnitude higher than the conversion efficiencies achieved with other laser-based methods used so far.

Research Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2017 

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