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Efficient acceleration of a dense plasma projectile to hyper velocities in the laser-induced cavity pressure acceleration scheme

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 January 2018

J. Badziak*
Affiliation:
Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, 01-497, Warsaw, Poland
E. Krousky
Affiliation:
Institute of Plasma Physics ASCR, 182 00, Prague, Czech Republic Institute of Physic ASCR s, 182 21, Prague, Czech Republic
J. Marczak
Affiliation:
Military University of Technology in Warsaw, 01-476, Warsaw, Poland
P. Parys
Affiliation:
Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, 01-497, Warsaw, Poland
T. Pisarczyk
Affiliation:
Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, 01-497, Warsaw, Poland
M. Rosiński
Affiliation:
Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, 01-497, Warsaw, Poland
A. Sarzynski
Affiliation:
Military University of Technology in Warsaw, 01-476, Warsaw, Poland
T. Chodukowski
Affiliation:
Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, 01-497, Warsaw, Poland
J. Dostal
Affiliation:
Institute of Plasma Physics ASCR, 182 00, Prague, Czech Republic Institute of Physic ASCR s, 182 21, Prague, Czech Republic
R. Dudzak
Affiliation:
Institute of Plasma Physics ASCR, 182 00, Prague, Czech Republic
Z. Kalinowska
Affiliation:
Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, 01-497, Warsaw, Poland
M. Kucharik
Affiliation:
Czech Technical University, FNSPE, 166 36, Prague, Czech Republic
R. Liska
Affiliation:
Czech Technical University, FNSPE, 166 36, Prague, Czech Republic
M. Pfeifer
Affiliation:
Institute of Plasma Physics ASCR, 182 00, Prague, Czech Republic Institute of Physic ASCR s, 182 21, Prague, Czech Republic
J. Ullschmied
Affiliation:
Institute of Plasma Physics ASCR, 182 00, Prague, Czech Republic Institute of Physic ASCR s, 182 21, Prague, Czech Republic
A. Zaraś-Szydłowska
Affiliation:
Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, 01-497, Warsaw, Poland
*
Author for correspondence: J. Badziak, Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, 01-497, Warsaw, Poland, E-mail: jan.badziak@ifpilm.pl

Abstract

The experimental study of the plasma projectile acceleration in the laser-induced cavity pressure acceleration (LICPA) scheme is reported. In the experiment performed at the kilojoule PALS laser facility, the parameters of the projectile were measured using interferometry, a streak camera and ion diagnostics, and the measurements were supported by two-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations. It is shown that in the LICPA accelerator with a 200-J laser driver, a 4-μg gold plasma projectile is accelerated to the velocity of 140 km/s with the energetic acceleration efficiency of 15–19% which is significantly higher than those achieved with the commonly used ablative acceleration and the highest among the ones measured so far for any projectiles accelerated to the velocities ≥100 km/s. This achievement opens the possibility of creation and investigation of high-energy-density matter states with the use of moderate-energy lasers and may also have an impact on the development of the impact ignition approach to inertial confinement fusion.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2018 

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