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Advances in the investigation of shock-induced reflectivity of porous carbon

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 July 2013

Dimitri Batani*
Affiliation:
University Bordeaux, CEA, CNRS, CELIA (Centre Laser Intense at Applications), UMR 5107, Talence, France
Stefano Paleari
Affiliation:
Dipartimento di Fisica G.Occhialini, Università di Milano Bicocca, Milan, Italy
Tommaso Vinci
Affiliation:
Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, UMR 7605 CNRS-CEA-Ecole Polytechnique-Paris VI, Palaiseau, France
Roberto Benocci
Affiliation:
University Bordeaux, CEA, CNRS, CELIA (Centre Laser Intense at Applications), UMR 5107, Talence, France
Keisuke Shigemori
Affiliation:
Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Suita City, Osaka, Japan
Yoichiro Hironaka
Affiliation:
Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Suita City, Osaka, Japan
Toshihiko Kadono
Affiliation:
Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Suita City, Osaka, Japan
Akiyuki Shiroshita
Affiliation:
Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Suita City, Osaka, Japan
*
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Dimitri Batani, Centre Lasers Intenses et Applications, Universit_e Bordeaux 1, Cours de la Liberation 351, 33405 Talence cedex, France. E-mail: batani@celia.u-bordeaux1.fr

Abstract

We studied the behavior of porous carbon compressed by laser-generated shock waves. In particular, we developed a new design for targets, optimized for the investigation of carbon reflectivity at hundred-GPa pressures and eV/k temperatures. Specially designed “two-layer-two materials” targets, comprising porous carbon on transparent substrates, allowed the probing of carbon reflectivity and a quite accurate determination of the position in the P, T plane. This was achieved by the simultaneous measurement of shock breakout times, sample temperature (by optical pyrometry) and uid velocity. The experiments proved the new scheme is reliable and appropriate for reflectivity measurements of thermodynamical states lying out of the standard graphite or diamond hugoniot. An increase of reflectivity in carbon has been observed at 260 GPa and 14,000 K while no increase in reflectivity is found at 200 GPa and 20,000 K. We also discuss the role of numerical simulations in the optimization of target parameters and in clarifying shock dynamics.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2013 

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