Preparing Your Files
All contributions, whether articles, correspondence or reviews, must be sent in electronic form. Authors are encouraged to provide the final version of the contribution in LaTeX, TeX, or Word format.
Authors using LaTeX should ideally use the KER LaTeX files which can be obtained here (zip download). In case of difficulties obtaining these files, there is a help-line available via e-mail; please contact firstname.lastname@example.org . Tables and figures should be embedded in the article in the usual way, with figures in .eps form, which should be also supplied as separate files.
Contributions should follow the general style of papers in recent issues of The Knowledge Engineering Review. The author is invited to nominate up to five possible referees, who will not necessarily be used.
Articles must be accompanied by a brief, informative rather than indicative, abstract.
Authors should select a minimum of three recommended reviewers for their manuscript as part of the submission process.
If you are not using the ker.cls file, then please adopt the following layout rules. Headings should be set out clearly but not underlined. Primary headings should be in lower case, at margin, with Arabic numeral; subheadings should be numbered 2.a., 2.b., etc., and tertiary headings, 2.a.1., 2.a.2. No cross-references should be given by page number, but ‘above’ and ‘below’ should be used with the section specified, e.g. Section 2.a.2. The SI system of units should be used. The author should mark in the margin of the manuscript where figures and tables may be inserted. References to points in larger works should, where possible, quote the page reference, e.g. Ager, 1981, p. 102.
Tables and Illustrations
Tables should be typed with double-line spacing on sheets separate from the running text. Each table must have a caption that will make the data in the table intelligible without reference to the text.
Illustrations should be drafted for reproduction as full page (148 mm) width. Originals should normally be drawn at twice final area and must be sent in a flat package; larger drawings may delay publication. Lettering should be of a size so that when reduced the smallest lower-case letters will not be less than about 1 mm. Avoid gross disparities in lettering size on a drawing. Duplicates of illustrations should be sent, and may be prints or, preferably, photocopies reduced to final size. Illustrations in the text, both line drawings and photographs for halftone reproductions, will be referred to as figures (Fig. 2, 2a, etc.). Folding plates will not be accepted. Figures composed of photographs should be glossy prints presented at publication scale. Figure captions must be typed with double-line spacing on sheets separate from the running text.
The preferred graphics package is Freehand 5 but files from many others can be accepted. Please indicate clearly the file format (e.g. TIFF, EPS, DCS, Freehand etc), computer operating system and graphics software used for originating the artwork files. The typefaces used in electronic artwork supplied should be restricted to Monotype, Adobe and Bitstream font libraries. Illustrations should be supplied as EPS files and never as Postscript files, or as the native format files from the graphics package used. They should be accompanied by laser proofs with the name and version number of the graphics package used, and also the names of the fonts used.
Competing interests declaration
All authors must include a competing interests declaration in their manuscript above the references. This declaration will be subject to editorial review and may be published in the article.
Competing interests are situations that could be perceived to exert an undue influence on the content or publication of an author’s work. They may include, but are not limited to, financial, professional, contractual or personal relationships or situations.
If the manuscript has multiple authors, the author submitting must include competing interest declarations relevant to all contributing authors.
Example wording for a declaration is as follows: “Competing interests: Author A is employed at company B. Author C owns shares in company D, is on the Board of company E and is a member of organisation F. Author G has received grants from company H.” If no competing interests exist, the declaration should state “Competing interests: The author(s) declare none”.
The accuracy of references is the responsibility of authors. References must be double-spaced and spelt out in full, e.g:
Gale, W A, ed 1986. Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley.
Pearl, J 1984. Heuristics. Intelligent search strategies for problem solving, Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley.
Tie-Cheng Wang and Bledsoe, W W, 1987. "Hierarchical deduction" Journal of Automated Reasoning 3 (1) pp 1-34.
Pau, L F, 1986. "Survey of expert systems for fault detection, test generation and maintenance" Expert Systems, 3 (2) pp 100-111.
Unpublished work should normally be referred to in the text parentheses as, for example, ‘private communication’ or ‘unpub. Ph.D. thesis, Univ. London, 1988’, and not included in the reference list unless in the press.
No paper offprints are provided, but the corresponding author will be sent the pdf of the published article.