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The treatment of uncertainty in AI: Is there a better vantage point?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 July 2009

Alessandro Saffiotti
Dipartimento di Informatica, Università di Pisa, Italia 40, 1–56100 Pisa, Italy


The paper I wrote for the Knowledge Engineering Review was intended primarily to give a balanced review of different techniques developed in (or imported into) Artificial Intelligence to deal with uncertain knowledge.

Research Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1988

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Additional references

Brachman, R, Pigman Gilbert, V and Levesque, H, 1985. “An essential hybrid reasoning system: knowledge and symbol level accounts of KRYPTON”, in Proc. of 9th IJCAI (Los Angeles, CA).Google Scholar
Carr, E H, 1961. What is history? (Macmillan & Co. Ltd., London).Google ScholarPubMed
Dempster, A, 1967. “Upper and Lower Probabilities Induced by a Multivalued Mapping”, Annals of Mathematical Statistics 38(2).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Saffiotti, A, 1988. “Belief Systems for Doubtful Agents”, Technical Report DL-NLP-88–7, University of Pisa (Pisa, Italy).Google Scholar
Sloman, A, 1985. “Why We Need MAny Knowledge Representation Formalisms”, in: Bramer, M. (Ed.) Research and Development in Expert Systems, Cambridge University Press (Cambridge, MA).Google Scholar