Hostname: page-component-594f858ff7-r29tb Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-06-05T17:10:44.328Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "corePageComponentGetUserInfoFromSharedSession": false, "coreDisableEcommerce": false, "corePageComponentUseShareaholicInsteadOfAddThis": true, "coreDisableSocialShare": false, "useRatesEcommerce": true } hasContentIssue false

Terrorism and Wine Tourism: The Case of Museum Attendance

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 November 2018

Olivier Gergaud
KEDGE Business School, 680 cours de la Libération, 33405 Talence cedex, France; e-mail:
Florine Livat
KEDGE Business School, 680 cours de la Libération, 33405 Talence cedex, France; e-mail:
Haiyan Song
School of Hotel and Tourism Management, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 17 Science Museum Road, Hong Kong SAR, China; e-mail:


In this article, we use attendance data from La Cité du Vin, a wine museum in the city of Bordeaux, to assess the impact of the recent wave of terror that affected France on wine tourism. We use recent count regression estimation techniques suited for time series data to build a prediction model of the demand for attendance at this museum. We conclude that the institution lost about 5,000 visitors over 426 days, during which 14 successive terrorist attacks took place. This corresponds to almost 1% of the total number of visitors in the sample period. (JEL Classifications: L83, Z30)

Copyright © American Association of Wine Economists 2018 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


The authors would like to thank the participants at the 12th conference of the American Association of Wine Economists in Ithaca, NY, and an anonymous reviewer for valuable comments and suggestions. All remaining errors are the responsibility of the authors.


Araña, J. E., and León, C. J. (2008). The impact of terrorism on tourism demand. Annals of Tourism Research, 35(2), 299315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cameron, A. C., and Trivedi, P. K. (2005). Microeconometrics: Methods and Applications. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
CRT. (2017). Bilan de l'Activité Touristique de l'Année 2016. Paris : CRT Paris Île-de-France.Google Scholar
De Roos, N., and McKenzie, J. (2014). Cheap Tuesdays and the demand for cinema. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 33, 93109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Einav, L. (2007). Seasonality in the US motion picture industry. Rand Journal of Economics, 38(1), 127145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frey, B. S., Luechinger, S., and Stutzer, A. (2007). Calculating tragedy: Assessing the costs of terrorism. Journal of Economic Surveys, 21(1), 124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gordin, V., and Matetskaya, M. (2012). Creative tourism in Saint Petersburg: The state of the art. Journal of Tourism Consumption and Practice Volume, 4(2), 5577.Google Scholar
Huang, X., Zhang, L., and Ding, Y. (2017). The Baidu index: Uses in predicting tourism flows–A case study of the forbidden city. Tourism Management, 58, 301306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leadley, J. C., and Zygmont, Z. X. (2006). When is the honeymoon over? National hockey league attendance, 1970–2003. Canadian Public Policy/Analyse de Politiques, 32(2), 213232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mellon, J. (2013). Where and when can we use google trends to measure issue salience? PS: Political Science & Politics, 46(2), 280290.Google Scholar
Önder, I., and Gunter, U. (2016). Forecasting tourism demand with Google trends for a major European city destination. Tourism Analysis, 21(2–3), 203220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Richardson, H. W., Gordon, P., Moore II, J. E., Kim, S., Park, J., and Pan, Q. (2005). Tourism and terrorism: The national and interregional economic impacts of attacks on major US theme parks. In Richardson, H. W., Gordon, P., and Moore, J. E. (eds.), The Economic Costs and Consequences of Terrorism, 235253. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
Ripberger, J. T. (2011). Capturing curiosity: Using internet search trends to measure public attentiveness. Policy Studies Journal, 39(2), 239259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schwartz, J., Spix, C., Touloumi, G., Bacharova, L., Barumamdzadeh, T., Le Tertre, A., and Saez, M. (1996). Methodological issues in studies of air pollution and daily counts of deaths or hospital admissions. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 50(Suppl. 1), S311.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Seaman, B. A. (2006). Empirical studies of demand for the performing arts. In Ginsburgh, V. and Throsby, D. (eds.), Handbook of the Economics of Art and Culture, 1, 416472. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
Skinner, S. J., Ekelund, R. B. Jr., and Jackson, J. D. (2009). Art museum attendance, public funding, and the business cycle. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 68(2), 491516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sönmez, S. F. (1998). Tourism, terrorism, and political instability. Annals of Tourism Research, 25(2), 416456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sönmez, S., Backman, S., and Allen, L. (1993). Crisis management for event tourism. Festival Management and Event Tourism, 1(3), 110120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Volchek, E., Song, H., Law, R., and Buhalis, D. (2018). Forecasting London museum visitors using google trends data. e-Review of Tourism Research. Available at Scholar