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Short-term feeding response of the scallop Argopecten purpuratus exposed to two different diets

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 August 2004

Jorge M. Navarro
Affiliation:
Instituto de Biología Marina “Dr. Jürgen Winter”, Universidad Austral de Chile (UACH), Casilla 567, Valdivia, Chile
María José Fernández-Reiriz
Affiliation:
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas, Eduardo Cabello 6, 36208, Spain
Uxio Labarta
Affiliation:
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas, Eduardo Cabello 6, 36208, Spain

Abstract

Argopecten purpuratus was exposed to two different diets which reflected short term variations in quantity and quality of the natural food supply typical in bays of southern Chile. No significant differences of clearance rate were observed over different time periods at either of two food concentrations. The scallop reduced its clearance rate significantly when it was exposed to the higher food concentration. Pseudofaeces production occurred only at this high diet and the time factor had no significant effect on this process. The organic content of pseudofaeces was significantly lower than the organic content of the food, suggesting a pre-ingestive selection mechanism. Based on this capacity for particle selection, A. purpuratus was able to compensate for the differences in food quality of the experimental diets and ingesting particulate material containing 38% organic matter as a result of the selection process when fed at the higher food concentration. Absorption efficiency was lower following exposure to the high food concentration, suggesting that the experimental time of 72 h was not sufficient to acclimate the digestive response to a food supply significantly different from that of its habitat of origin. Phytoplankton form the principal nutritional source for this epibenthic species, and resuspended detritus, although occurring in large quantities, may only be of importance once digestive processes become acclimated to processing them.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
2004 Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom

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