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Pulmonicola cochleotrema (Digenea: Opisthotrematidae) in Antillean manatees (Trichechus manatus manatus) from the North-eastern region of Brazil

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 July 2016

João Carlos Gomes Borges*
Affiliation:
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal Tropical, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, Dois Irmãos, CEP: 52.171-900, Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil Fundação Mamíferos Aquáticos - FMA, Avenida 17 de Agosto, n° 2001, Casa Forte, CEP: 52.061-540, Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil
Larissa Molinari Jung
Affiliation:
Fundação Mamíferos Aquáticos - FMA, Avenida 17 de Agosto, n° 2001, Casa Forte, CEP: 52.061-540, Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil
Vitor Luz Carvalho
Affiliation:
Associação de Pesquisa e Preservação de Ecossistemas Aquáticos – AQUASIS, SESC Iparana, rua José de Alencar, 150, CEP: 61.627-210, Caucaia, CE, Brasil
André Lucas De Oliveira Moreira
Affiliation:
Fundação Mamíferos Aquáticos - FMA, Avenida 17 de Agosto, n° 2001, Casa Forte, CEP: 52.061-540, Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil
Fernanda Löffler Niemeyer Attademo
Affiliation:
Centro Nacional de Pesquisa e Conservação de Mamíferos Aquáticos/Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade, Estrada do Forte Orange, s/n, caixa postal n° 01, CEP: 53900-000, Itamaracá, Pernambuco, Brasil
Rafael Antonio Nascimento Ramos
Affiliation:
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal Tropical, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, Dois Irmãos, CEP: 52.171-900, Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil
Leucio Câmara Alves
Affiliation:
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal Tropical, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, Dois Irmãos, CEP: 52.171-900, Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil
*
Correspondence should be addressed to: J.C.G. Borges, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal Tropical, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, Dois Irmãos, CEP: 52.171-900, Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil email: jcgborges@hotmail.com

Abstract

Currently, little is known about the helminth fauna in sirenian species. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the frequency of infection by Pulmonicola cochleotrema in Antillean manatees (Trichechus manatus manatus), in the North-eastern region of Brazil. Between the years of 1989 and 2014, 88 manatees found on the North-eastern Brazilian coast were clinically examined. They included animals that were found dead, animals maintained in captivity and specimens reintroduced into conservation areas. During their physical examination, helminths present in necropsied carcasses and in reintroduced animals were collected, as well as faecal samples. Parasites were detected in 7.95% (7/88) of the animals; all specimens collected being identified as P. cochleotrema. Only adult manatees were infected, and in two cases clinical signs were observed. This is the first report on the occurrence of P. cochleotrema in Antillean manatees in the states of Paraíba and Sergipe, in the North-eastern coast of Brazil.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2016 

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