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Future challenges in cephalopod research*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 June 2014

José C. Xavier*
Affiliation:
Institute of Marine Research, University of Coimbra, 3001-401 Coimbra, Portugal British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
A. Louise Allcock
Affiliation:
Zoology, School of Natural Sciences, and Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway, Ireland
Yves Cherel
Affiliation:
Centre d'Etudes Biologiques de Chizé, UMR 7372, CNRS-ULR, BP 14, 79360 Villiers-en-Bois, France
Marek R. Lipinski
Affiliation:
Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science, Rhodes University, PO Box 94, Grahamstown 6140, South Africa
Graham J. Pierce
Affiliation:
Oceanlab, University of Aberdeen, Newburgh, Aberdeenshire AB41 6AA, UK Departamento de Biologia, Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM), Universidade de Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
Paul G.K. Rodhouse
Affiliation:
British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
Rui Rosa
Affiliation:
Laboratório Marítimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Nossa Senhora do Cabo 939, 2750-374 Cascais, Portugal
Elizabeth K. Shea
Affiliation:
Department of Mollusks, Delaware Museum of Natural History, 4840 Kennett Pike, Wilmington, DE 19087, USA
Jan M. Strugnell
Affiliation:
Department of Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Bundoora, 3086 Victoria, Australia
Erica A.G. Vidal
Affiliation:
Centro de Estudos do Mar, Universidade Federal do Paraná, CxP 61, 83255-976 Pontal do Paraná, PR, Brazil
Roger Villanueva
Affiliation:
Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC, Passeig Marítim de la Barceloneta 37-49, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
Alexander Ziegler
Affiliation:
Ziegler Biosolutions, Fahrgasse 5, 79761 Waldshut-Tiengen, Germany
*
Correspondence should be addressed to: J.C. Xavier, British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK email: jccx@cantab.net

Abstract

Cephalopods (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) play an important role as keystone invertebrates in various marine ecosystems, as well as being a valuable fisheries resource. At the World Malacological Congress, held 21–28 July 2013 in Ponta Delgada, Azores, Portugal, a number of cephalopod experts convened to honour the contribution of the late Malcolm R. Clarke, FRS (1930–2013) to cephalopod research. Endorsed by the Cephalopod International Advisory Council (CIAC), the meeting discussed some of the major challenges that cephalopod research will face in the future. These challenges were identified as follows: (1) to find new ways to ascertain the trophic role and food web links of cephalopods using hard tissues, stable isotopes and novel concepts in theoretical ecology; (2) to explore new approaches to the study of cephalopod morphology; (3) to further develop cephalopod aquaculture research; (4) to find new ways to ascertain cephalopod adaptation and response to environmental change; (5) to strengthen cephalopod genetics research; and (6) to develop new approaches for cephalopod fisheries and conservation. The present paper presents brief reviews on these topics, followed by a discussion of the general challenges that cephalopod research is bound to face in the near future. By contributing to initiatives both within CIAC and independent of CIAC, the principle aim of the paper is to stimulate future cephalopod research.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2014 

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Footnotes

*

From Role of Cephalopods in the Marine Environment, a Symposium in Honor of Dr Malcolm R. Clarke, FRS held at the World Congress of Malacology, 21–28 July 2013 in Ponta Delgada, Azores, Portugal.

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