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Factors affecting the seasonal variability of planktonic shrimps (Dendrobranchiata) along an estuary–ocean gradient on the Amazon continental shelf

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 May 2021

Leiliane Souza da Silva
Aquatic Ecology and Amazon Fisheries Nucleus, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Brazil
Danielle Viveiros Cavalcante-Braga
Aquatic Ecology and Amazon Fisheries Nucleus, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Brazil
Caio Brito Lourenço
Agrarian Sciences Department, Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Maranhão, Itapecuru-Mirim, Brazil
Ralf Schwamborn
Oceanography Department, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil
Jussara Moretto Martinelli-Lemos
Aquatic Ecology and Amazon Fisheries Nucleus, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Brazil
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Dendrobranchiata shrimp taxonomic composition and spatial and temporal distribution on the Amazon continental shelf (ACS) were investigated along a transect between the sources of the Amazon and Pará Rivers, encompassing an extension of ~250 km towards the continental slope. Plankton was collected with oblique trawls (200 μm mesh size), and nine taxa were found; 59.4% were larvae (mysis or decapodid stages) and 40.6% were juveniles or adults. Acetes was negatively related to chlorophyll-a and temperature, and Luciferidae were positively correlated with months. This study provides novel information on the density distribution of dendrobranchiate shrimps, thus helping to pave the way to characterize a large-scale, hugely relevant area that is poorly studied. As in other tropical coastal areas, there is here an increase in number of taxa with increased distance from the coast. Luciferidae, Solenoceridae and Penaeidae were the most frequent families whereas Sicyoniidae and Sergestidae had the lowest frequency of occurrence nearer the slope. Despite the low larval density of penaeid shrimps, their presence in all months and at all sampling sites along the ACS proves the importance of this area for shrimps with socioeconomic relevance, as well as its importance as a nursery and growth habitat for dendrobranchiate shrimps.

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Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom

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Factors affecting the seasonal variability of planktonic shrimps (Dendrobranchiata) along an estuary–ocean gradient on the Amazon continental shelf
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