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Experimental evidence for shaping and bloom inducing effects of decapod larvae of Xantho poressa (Olivi, 1792) on marine phytoplankton

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 July 2018

Mirta Smodlaka Tanković
Affiliation:
Center for Marine Research, Ruđer Bošković Institute, G. Paliaga 5, Rovinj 52210, Croatia
Ana Baričević
Affiliation:
Center for Marine Research, Ruđer Bošković Institute, G. Paliaga 5, Rovinj 52210, Croatia
Victor Stinga Perusco
Affiliation:
Center for Marine Research, Ruđer Bošković Institute, G. Paliaga 5, Rovinj 52210, Croatia
Roland R. Melzer
Affiliation:
Bavarian State Collection of Zoology – SNSB, Münchhausenstraße 21, Munich 81247, Germany Department Biologie II, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Großhaderner Straße 2, Planegg-Martinsried 82152, Germany GeoBioCenter LMU, Richard-Wagner-Str. 10, Munich 80333, Germany
Alejandro Izquierdo Lopez
Affiliation:
Department Biologie II, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Großhaderner Straße 2, Planegg-Martinsried 82152, Germany
Jana Sophie Dömel
Affiliation:
Aquatic Ecosystem Research, Faculty of Biology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen 45151, Germany
Martin Heß
Affiliation:
Department Biologie II, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Großhaderner Straße 2, Planegg-Martinsried 82152, Germany GeoBioCenter LMU, Richard-Wagner-Str. 10, Munich 80333, Germany
Nataša Kužat
Affiliation:
Center for Marine Research, Ruđer Bošković Institute, G. Paliaga 5, Rovinj 52210, Croatia
Daniela Marić Pfannkuchen
Affiliation:
Center for Marine Research, Ruđer Bošković Institute, G. Paliaga 5, Rovinj 52210, Croatia
Martin Pfannkuchen
Affiliation:
Center for Marine Research, Ruđer Bošković Institute, G. Paliaga 5, Rovinj 52210, Croatia
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

To study zooplankton–phytoplankton relationships in the diatom-dominated plankton communities of the northern Adriatic we performed feeding experiments with diatoms and zoea I larvae of the brachyuran Xantho poressa. We found that zoea I of X. poressa feed on diatoms of different forms (centric, pennate, colony forming, single celled, with or without setae) and size classes. In a laboratory setup, we presented the zoeas with a mix of diatom species similar to communities observed during blooms regularly found in the northern Adriatic. We report that the grazing activity resulted in a decrease of the relative abundance of the toxic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia calliantha. For the colonial, bloom-forming diatom Skeletonema marinoi our results show a chain length reduction in the presence of zoea I. Of particular interest is the observation that the presence of larvae also resulted in an increased growth rate and abundance of S. marinoi, which resembles bloom induction by grazer presence.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2018 

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Experimental evidence for shaping and bloom inducing effects of decapod larvae of Xantho poressa (Olivi, 1792) on marine phytoplankton
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Experimental evidence for shaping and bloom inducing effects of decapod larvae of Xantho poressa (Olivi, 1792) on marine phytoplankton
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