Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-544b6db54f-fg2fv Total loading time: 0.57 Render date: 2021-10-17T01:24:41.307Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Behaviour and mimicry in the juvenile and subadult life stages of the mesopelagic squid Chiroteuthis calyx

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 November 2014

Benjamin P. Burford*
Affiliation:
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, 7700 Sandholdt Rd., Moss Landing, CA 95039, USA
Bruce H. Robison
Affiliation:
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, 7700 Sandholdt Rd., Moss Landing, CA 95039, USA
Robert E. Sherlock
Affiliation:
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, 7700 Sandholdt Rd., Moss Landing, CA 95039, USA
*
Correspondence should be addressed to: B.P. Burford, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, 7700 Sandholdt Rd., Moss Landing, CA 95039, USA email: bburford@mbari.org

Abstract

Cephalopods are common inhabitants of the deep ocean's mesopelagic zones worldwide, yet very little is known about their behaviour due to the inaccessibility of this environment. Recent studies suggest that, contrary to historical predictions, deep-sea cephalopods exhibit a wide array of visual behaviours. We used in situ footage from remotely operated vehicles, coupled with laboratory observations to assemble the first behavioural ethogram for the juvenile and subadult life stages of the mesopelagic squid, Chiroteuthis calyx. The number of behavioural components we described is comparable to or exceeds those recognized in ethograms of shallow-water teuthids. We used the ethogram to make a detailed behavioural comparison between the juvenile and subadult life stages, and found distinctly different patterns. Behavioural and morphological differences between the two life stages support the hypothesis that juvenile C. calyx mimic the abundant siphonophore Nanomia bijuga, in order to deter predation.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2014 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Arkhipkin, A.I. and Bizikov, V.A. (1996) Possible imitation of jellyfish by the squid paralarvae of the family Gonatidae (Cephalopoda, Oegopsida). Polar Biology 16, 531534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Arkhipkin, A.I., Bizikov, V.A. and Fuchs, D. (2012) Vestigial phragmocone in the gladius points to a deepwater origin of squid (Mollusca: Cephalopoda). Deep Sea Research Part I 61, 109122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bush, S.L. (2012) Economy of arm autotomy in the mesopelagic squid Octopoteuthis deletron. Marine Ecology Press Series 458, 133140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bush, S.L. and Robison, B.H. (2007) Ink utilization by mesopelagic squid. Marine Biology 152, 485494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bush, S.L., Robison, B.H. and Caldwell, R.L. (2009) Behaving in the dark: locomotor, chromatic, postural, and bioluminescent behaviors of the deep-sea squid Octopoteuthis deletron Young 1972. Biological Bulletin 216, 722.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Clarke, K.R. and Gorley, R.N. (2006) PRIMER v6: user manual/tutorial. Plymouth: PRIMER-E Ltd.Google Scholar
Clarke, M.R. (1996) Cephalopods as Prey. III. Cetaceans. The Royal Society 351, 10531065.Google Scholar
Croxall, J.P. and Prince, P.A. (1996) Cephalopods as Prey. I. Seabirds. The Royal Society 351, 10231043.Google Scholar
Hamner, W.M. (1990) Design developments in the planktonkreisel, a plankton aquarium for ships at sea. Journal of Plankton Research 12, 397402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hanlon, R.T. (1982) The functional organization of chromatophores and iridescent cells in the body patterning of Loligo plei (Cephalopoda: Myopsida). Malacologia 23, 89119.Google Scholar
Hanlon, R.T., Maxwell, M.R., Shashar, N., Loew, E.R. and Boyle, K.-L. (1999) An ethogram of body patterning behavior in the biomedically and commercially valuable squid Loligo pealei off Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Biological Bulletin 197, 4962.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hanlon, R.T. and Messenger, J.B. (1996) Cephlaopod behavior. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hanlon, R.T., Smale, M.J. and Sauer, W.H.N. (1994) An ethogram of the body patterning behavior in the squid Loligo vulgaris reynaudii on spawning grounds in South Africa. Biological Bulletin 187, 363372.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Herring, P. (2002) The biology of the deep ocean. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Hunt, J.C. (1996) The behavioral ecology of midwater cephalopods from Monterey Bay: submersible and laboratory observations. PhD thesis. University of California, Los Angeles, CA.Google Scholar
Hunt, J.C. and Seibel, B.A. (2000) Life history of Gonatus onyx (Cephalopoda: Teuthoidea): ontogenetic changes in habitat, behavior and physiology. Marine Biology 136, 543552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hunt, J.C., Zeidberg, L.D., Hamner, W.M. and Robison, B.H. (2000) The behaviour of Loligo opalescens (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) as observed by a remotely operated vehicle (ROV). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 80, 873883.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jantzen, T.M. and Havenhand, J.H. (2003) Reproductive behavior in the squid Sepioteuthis australis from South Australia: an ethogram of reproductive body patterns. Biological Bulletin 204, 290304.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Katugin, O.N. and Zuev, N.N. (2007) Distribution of cephalopods in the upper epipelagic Northwestern Bering Sea in Autumn. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 17, 283294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klages, N.T.W. (1996) Cephalopods as prey. II. Seals. The Royal Society 351, 10451052.Google Scholar
Kubodera, T., Koyama, Y. and Mori, K. (2007) Observations of wild hunting behaviour and bioluminescence of a large deep-sea, eight-armed squid, Taningia danae. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 274, 10291034.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lipinski, M.R. (1985) Laboratory survival of Alloteuthis subulata (Cephalopoda: Loliginidae) from the Plymouth area. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 65, 845855.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lythgoe, J.N. (1988) Light and vision in the aquatic environment. In Atema, J., Fay, R.R., Popper, A.N. and Tavolga, W.N. (eds) Sensory biology of aquatic animals. New York, NY: Springer, pp. 5782.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mackie, G.O., Pugh, P.R. and Purcell, J.E. (1987) Siphonophore biology. Advances in Marine Biology 24, 97262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mauris, E. (1989) Colour patterns and body postures related to prey capture in Sepiola affinis (Mollusca: Cephalopoda). Marine Behavior and Physiology 14, 189200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nixon, M. and Young, J.Z. (2003) The brains and lives of cephalopods. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Pasteur, G. (1982) A classification review of mimicry systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 13, 169199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Porteiro, F.M., Martins, H.R. and Hanlon, R.T. (1990) Some observations on the behaviour of adult squids, Loligo forbesi, in captivity. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 70, 459472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rettenmeyer, C.W. (1970) Insect mimicry. Annual Review of Entomology 15, 4374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robison, B.H. (1999) Shape change behavior by mesopelagic animals. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology 32, 1725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robison, B.H. (2003) What drives the diel vertical migrations of Antarctic midwater fish? Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 83, 639642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robison, B.H. (2004) Deep pelagic biology. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 300, 253272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robison, B.H., Reisenbichler, K.R., Sherlock, R.E., Silguero, J.M.B. and Chavez, F.P. (1998) Seasonal abundance of the siphonophore, Nanomia bijuga, in Monterey Bay. Deep Sea Research II 45, 17411751.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rodhouse, P.G. and Nigmatullin, C.M. (1996) Role as consumers. The Royal Society 351, 10031022.Google Scholar
Roper, C.F.E. and Vecchione, M. (1997) In situ observations test hypothesis of functional morphology in Mastigoteuthids (Cephalopoda, Oegopsida). Vie et Milieu 47, 8793.Google Scholar
Roper, C.F.E. and Young, R.E. (2013) Chiroteuthis calyx Young, 1972. Version 08 January 2013 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Chiroteuthis_calyx/19474/2013.01.08 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/.Google Scholar
Schlining, B.M. and Stout, N.J. (2006) MBARI's video annotation and reference system. OCEANS 2006, 15.Google Scholar
Seibel, B.A., Goffred, S.K., Thuesen, E.V., Childress, J.J. and Robison, B.H. (2004) Ammonium content and buoyancy in midwater cephalopods. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 313, 375387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seibel, B.A., Thuesen, E.V., Childress, J.J. and Gorodezky, L.A. (1997) Decline in pelagic cephalopod metabolism with habitat depth reflects differences in locomotory efficiency. The Biological Bulletin 192, 262278.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Smale, M.J. (1996) Cephalopods as prey. IV. Fishes. The Royal Society 351, 10671081.Google Scholar
Vecchione, M., Robison, B.H. and Roper, C.F.E. (1992) A tale of two species: tail morphology in Paralarval Chiroteuthis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 105, 683692.Google Scholar
Vecchione, M., Roper, C.F.E., Widder, E.A. and Frank, T.M. (2002) In situ observations of three species of large-finned deep-sea squids. Bulletin of Marine Science 71, 893901.Google Scholar
Young, R.E. (1972) The systematics and areal distribution of pelagic cephalopods from the seas off southern California. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 97, 1159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Young, R.E., Vecchione, M. and Donovan, D.T. (1998) The evolution of coleoid cephalopods and their present biodiversity and ecology. South African Journal of Marine Science 20, 393420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Young, R.E., Vecchione, M. and Mangold, K.M. (1922–2003) (2012) Cephalopoda Cuvier 1797. Octopods, squids, nautiluses, etc. Version 10 November 2012 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Cephalopoda/19386/2012.11.10, in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/.Google Scholar
Supplementary material: File

Burford Supplementary Material

Video 1

Download Burford Supplementary Material(File)
File 5 MB
Supplementary material: File

Burford Supplementary Material

Video 2

Download Burford Supplementary Material(File)
File 16 MB
Supplementary material: File

Burford Supplementary Material

Video 3

Download Burford Supplementary Material(File)
File 6 MB
Supplementary material: File

Burford Supplementary Material

Video 4

Download Burford Supplementary Material(File)
File 5 MB
10
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Behaviour and mimicry in the juvenile and subadult life stages of the mesopelagic squid Chiroteuthis calyx
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Behaviour and mimicry in the juvenile and subadult life stages of the mesopelagic squid Chiroteuthis calyx
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Behaviour and mimicry in the juvenile and subadult life stages of the mesopelagic squid Chiroteuthis calyx
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *