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Emotion Labeling and Socio-Emotional Outcomes 18 Months after Early Childhood Traumatic Brain Injury

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 September 2011

Sarah J. Tlustos
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
C.-Y. Peter Chiu
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
Nicolay Chertkoff Walz
Affiliation:
Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio
H. Gerry Taylor
Affiliation:
Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics and Psychology, Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio
Keith Owen Yeates
Affiliation:
Division of Psychology, Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University Center for Biobehavioral Health, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio
Shari L. Wade*
Affiliation:
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio
*
Correspondence and reprint requests to: Shari L. Wade, Department of Rehabilitation, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue MLC 4009, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039. E-mail: shari.wade@cchmc.org

Abstract

A growing body of literature has documented evidence for emotion labeling (EL) deficits after traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, long-term effects of TBI on EL abilities, particularly among young children, are unclear. We investigated EL abilities and socio-emotional outcomes in 32 children with moderate–severe TBI, 23 with complicated-mild TBI, and 82 children with orthopedic injuries (OI), shortly after injury and at 18 months post-injury. All children were between 3:0 and 6:11 years of age at the time of injury. Repeated measures analyses indicated that all groups showed improved EL performance between acute and 18-month assessments, but that the moderate–severe TBI group improved at a slower rate than the OI group, so that the two groups showed significantly different performance at 18 months. Emotion labeling ability did not significantly contribute to the prediction of socio-emotional outcomes after controlling for pre-injury functioning. These results provide preliminary evidence of emerging EL deficits after early childhood TBI that are related to injury severity but that do not predict social and behavioral outcomes. (JINS, 2011, 17, 1132–1142)

Type
Regular Articles
Copyright
Copyright © The International Neuropsychological Society 2011

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