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THE EXACT STRENGTH OF THE CLASS FORCING THEOREM

Part of: Set theory

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 July 2020

VICTORIA GITMAN
Affiliation:
THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK CUNY GRADUATE CENTER, MATHEMATICS PROGRAM 365 FIFTH AVENUE, NEW YORK, NY 10016, USA E-mail: vgitman@nylogic.org URL: http://victoriagitman.github.io
JOEL DAVID HAMKINS
Affiliation:
FACULTY OF PHILOSOPHY UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD OXFORD OX1 2JD, UK SIR PETER STRAWSON FELLOW UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HIGH STREET OXFORD OX1 4BH, UK E-mail: joeldavid.hamkins@philosophy.ox.ac.uk URL: http://jdh.hamkins.org
PETER HOLY
Affiliation:
UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI UDINE, DIPARTIMENTO DI SCIENZE MATEMATICHE INFORMATICHE E FISICHE (DMIF) VIA DELLE SCIENZE 206, UDINE 33100, ITALY E-mail: peter.holy@uniud.it
PHILIPP SCHLICHT
Affiliation:
UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL, SCHOOL OF MATHEMATICS FRY BUILDING, WOODLAND ROAD, BRISTOL, BS8 1UG, UK E-mail: philipp.schlicht@bristol.ac.uk
KAMERYN J. WILLIAMS
Affiliation:
UNIVERSITY OF HAWAI‘I AT MĀNOA, DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS 2565 MCCARTHY MALL, KELLER 401A, HONOLULU, HI 96822, USA E-mail: kamerynw@hawaii.edu URL: http://kamerynjw.net

Abstract

The class forcing theorem, which asserts that every class forcing notion ${\mathbb {P}}$ admits a forcing relation $\Vdash _{\mathbb {P}}$ , that is, a relation satisfying the forcing relation recursion—it follows that statements true in the corresponding forcing extensions are forced and forced statements are true—is equivalent over Gödel–Bernays set theory $\text {GBC}$ to the principle of elementary transfinite recursion $\text {ETR}_{\text {Ord}}$ for class recursions of length $\text {Ord}$ . It is also equivalent to the existence of truth predicates for the infinitary languages $\mathcal {L}_{\text {Ord},\omega }(\in ,A)$ , allowing any class parameter A; to the existence of truth predicates for the language $\mathcal {L}_{\text {Ord},\text {Ord}}(\in ,A)$ ; to the existence of $\text {Ord}$ -iterated truth predicates for first-order set theory $\mathcal {L}_{\omega ,\omega }(\in ,A)$ ; to the assertion that every separative class partial order ${\mathbb {P}}$ has a set-complete class Boolean completion; to a class-join separation principle; and to the principle of determinacy for clopen class games of rank at most $\text {Ord}+1$ . Unlike set forcing, if every class forcing notion ${\mathbb {P}}$ has a forcing relation merely for atomic formulas, then every such ${\mathbb {P}}$ has a uniform forcing relation applicable simultaneously to all formulas. Our results situate the class forcing theorem in the rich hierarchy of theories between $\text {GBC}$ and Kelley–Morse set theory $\text {KM}$ .

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Articles
Copyright
© The Association for Symbolic Logic 2020

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References

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