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The first Paleozoic stenopodidean from the Huntley Mountain Formation (Devonian–Carboniferous), north-central Pennsylvania

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 July 2015

Wade T. Jones
Affiliation:
Department of Geology, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA, <wjones23@kent.edu>
Rodney M. Feldmann
Affiliation:
Department of Geology, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA, <rfeldmann@kent.edu>
Carrie E. Schweitzer
Affiliation:
Department of Geology, Kent State University at Stark, North Canton, OH 44270, USA, <cschweit@kent.edu>
Frederick R. Schram
Affiliation:
Burke Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, University of Washington, Box 353010, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, <fschram@u.washington.edu>
Rose-Anna Behr
Affiliation:
Pennsylvania Geological Survey, Bureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey, 3240 Schoolhouse Road, Middletown, PA 17057-3534, USA, <rosbehr@pa.gov>
Kristen L. Hand
Affiliation:
Pennsylvania Geological Survey, Bureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey, 3240 Schoolhouse Road, Middletown, PA 17057-3534, USA, <khand@pa.gov>

Abstract

A single specimen of a shrimp-like crustacean, Devonostenopus pennsylvaniensis, new genus and species is described from the Huntley Mountain Formation, which is Devonian–Carboniferous (Mississippian) in age. The specimen was collected in north-central Pennsylvania. Devonostenopus pennsylvaniensis is attributed to Stenopodidae. Co-occurrence of the specimen with pinnules of Archaeopteris halliana Goeppert, 1852, suggests that it is Devonian in age. Occurrence of a stenopodidean in the Devonian of North America is significant, as only three definitive decapods have been previously described from the Paleozoic and only two have been described from the Devonian. The earliest stenopodideans described to date are Cretaceous (Cenomanian and Santonian) in age. As such, Devonostenopus pennsylvaniensis extends the geologic range of Stenopodidea from Cretaceous to Late Devonian. Occurrence of a stenopodidean in the Devonian of North America, as well as the occurrence of the only two other known Devonian decapods in North America, suggests that Laurentia might have been a major area of endemism for Devonian decapods.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Paleontological Society 

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