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Cheirocystis fultonensis, a new glyptocystitoid rhombiferan from the Upper Ordovician of the Cincinnati Arch—comments on cheirocrinid ontogeny

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 July 2015

Colin D. Sumrall
Affiliation:
Department of Geoscience, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242-1379, and Geier Collections and Research Center, Cincinnati Museum Center, 1720 Gilbert Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio 45202, <Colin-Sumrall@uiowa.edu>
Gregory A. Schumacher
Affiliation:
Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological Survey, 4383 Fountain Square Drive, Columbus 43224, <greg.schumacher@dnr.state.oh.us>

Abstract

A new glyptocystitidoid rhombiferan, Cheirocystis fultonensis, is described from the contact zone between the Point Pleasant Formation and lower Kope Formation exposed 50 km south east of Cincinnati, Ohio. This species, the second known glyptocystitidoid rhombiferan from the Cincinnatian Series and the youngest known species of Cheirocystis, shows significant suture modification where pectinirhombs are placed. Growth of large pectinirhombs along vertical sutures results in an unusual bowing-out of thecal plate sutures that is also seen in the related species Cheirocystis anatiformis. A juvenile specimen shows that ontogenetically the lateral shared ambulacra become less pronounced, pectinirhombs are added until the eight standard positions are expressed, and the periproct becomes proportionately smaller with age.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Paleontological Society 

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Cheirocystis fultonensis, a new glyptocystitoid rhombiferan from the Upper Ordovician of the Cincinnati Arch—comments on cheirocrinid ontogeny
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