Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-cf9d5c678-gf4tf Total loading time: 0.248 Render date: 2021-07-28T11:53:13.812Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Benefit of Sparse Reference Network in BDS Single Point Positioning with Single-Frequency Measurements

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 November 2017

Xiaomin Luo
Affiliation:
(GNSS Research Center, Wuhan University, Luoyu Road 129, Wuhan, Hubei 430079, China)
Yidong Lou
Affiliation:
(GNSS Research Center, Wuhan University, Luoyu Road 129, Wuhan, Hubei 430079, China)
Xiaopeng Gong
Affiliation:
(GNSS Research Center, Wuhan University, Luoyu Road 129, Wuhan, Hubei 430079, China)
Shengfeng Gu
Affiliation:
(GNSS Research Center, Wuhan University, Luoyu Road 129, Wuhan, Hubei 430079, China)
Biyan Chen
Affiliation:
(Department of Land Surveying and Geo-Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 11 Yuk Choi Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong)
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The current positioning accuracy of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) Single Point Positioning (SPP) with code measurement is in the order of several metres due to systematic errors. To further reduce the systematic errors in SPP, this contribution develops a new strategy to BDS SPP with a sparse reference network, named Augmented SPP (A-SPP). In this method, the Combined Residual Errors (CRE) products of BDS B1I measurement are integrated with three optional base stations that are close to the rover station. Based on the Satellite Elevation Angle Weighted (SEAW) average technique, the code residual errors of each BDS satellite observed by the rover station can be acquired epoch-by-epoch. Finally, the corrected code observations for the rover station can be utilised to achieve an A-SPP solution. The validation of this method is confirmed by both static and kinematic tests. Results clearly show that the accuracies of the A-SPP solution for horizontal and vertical directions are better than 0·5 m and 1·0 m. This study suggests that the proposed A-SPP solution is a good option for single-frequency GNSS users to improve their positioning performance.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Royal Institute of Navigation 2017 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Cai, C., Pan, L. and Gao, Y. (2014). A Precise Weighting Approach with Application to Combined L1/B1 GPS/BeiDou Positioning. The Journal of Navigation, 67(5), 911925.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chiang, K.W., Noureldin, A. and El-Sheimy, N. (2003). Multisensor Integration Using Neuron Computing for Land-Vehicle Navigation. GPS Solutions, 6(4), 209218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Choi, B.K., Cho, C.H., Cho, J.H. and Lee, S.J. (2015). Multi-GNSS Standard Point Positioning Using GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou and QZSS Measurements Recorded at MKPO Reference Station in South Korea. Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, 4(4), 205211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
CSNO. (2016). BeiDou Navigation Satellite System Signal in Space Interface Control Document: Open Service Signal. Version 2·1, China Satellite Navigation Office.Google Scholar
Gu, S., Lou, Y., Shi, C. and Liu, J. (2015). BeiDou Phase Bias Estimation and Its Application in Precise Point Positioning with Triple-Frequency Observable. Journal of Geodesy, 89(10), 979-992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guo, F., Zhang, X. and Wang, J. (2015). Timing Group Delay and Differential Code Bias Corrections for BeiDou Positioning. Journal of Geodesy, 89(5), 427445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hopfield, H.S. (1971). Tropospheric Effect on Electromagnetically Measured Range: Prediction from Surface Weather Data. Radio Science, 6(3), 357367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Janes, H.W., Langley, R.B. and Newby, S.P. (1991). Analysis of Tropospheric Delay Prediction Models: Comparisons with Ray-Tracing and Implications for GPS Relative Positioning. Bulletin Géodésique, 65(3), 151161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jiang, W., Xi, R., Chen, H. and Xiao, Y. (2017). Accuracy Analysis of Continuous Deformation Monitoring Using BeiDou Navigation Satellite System at Middle and High Latitudes in China. Advances in Space Research, 59(3), 843857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jin, S.G., Jin, R. and Li, D. (2016). Assessment of BeiDou Differential Code Bias Variations from Multi-GNSS Network Observations. Annales Geophysicae, 34(2), 259269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
King, M. and Aoki, S. (2003). Tidal Observations on Floating Ice Using a Single GPS Receiver. Geophysical Research Letters, 30(3), 1138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klobuchar, J.A. (1987). Ionospheric Time-Delay Algorithm for Single-Frequency GPS Users. IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, 23(3), 325331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kravchenko, A. and Bullock, D.G. (1999). A Comparative Study of Interpolation Methods for Mapping Soil Properties. Agronomy Journal, 91(3), 393400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kremer, G.T., Kalafus, R.M., Loomis, P.V.W. and Reynolds, J.C. (1990). The Effect of Selective Availability on Differential GPS Corrections. Navigation, 37(1), 3952.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Le, A.Q. and Tiberius, C. (2007). Single-Frequency Precise Point Positioning with Optimal Filtering. GPS Solutions, 11(1), 6169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lee, Y.C. (1986). Analysis of Range and Position Comparison Methods as a Means to Provide GPS Integrity in the User Receiver. Global Positioning System: Papers Published in NAVIGATION, The Institute of Navigation, Fairfax, Virginia, 5, 519.Google Scholar
Liu, H., Zhang, R.F., Liu, J.N. and Zhang, M. (2016). Time Synchronization in Communication Networks Based on the Beidou Foundation Enhancement System. Science China Technological Sciences, 59(1), 915.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liu, J. and Ge, M. (2003). PANDA Software and Its Preliminary Result of Positioning and Orbit Determination. Wuhan University Journal of Nature Sciences, 8(2), 603609.Google Scholar
Luo, X. (2013). GPS Stochastic Modelling: Signal Quality measures and ARMA Processes. Springer, Berlin.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Montenbruck, O., Hauschild, A., Steigenberger, P., Hugentobler, U., Teunissen, P. and Nakamura, S. (2013). Initial Assessment of the COMPASS/BeiDou-2 Regional Navigation Satellite System. GPS Solutions, 17(2), 211222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Montenbruck, O., Steigenberger, P. and Hauschild, A. (2015). Broadcast Versus Precise Ephemerides: A Multi-GNSS Perspective. GPS Solutions, 19(2), 321333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Odolinski, R. and Teunissen, P.J.G. (2016). Single-Frequency, Dual-GNSS Versus Dual-Frequency, Single-GNSS: A Low-Cost and High-Grade Receivers GPS-BDS RTK Analysis. Journal of Geodesy, 90(11), 12551278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Orus-Perez, R. (2017). Ionospheric Error Contribution to GNSS Single-Frequency Navigation at the 2014 Solar Maximum. Journal of Geodesy, 91(4), 397407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Øvstedal, O. (2002). Absolute Positioning with Single-Frequency GPS Receivers. GPS Solutions, 5(4), 3344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pan, L., Cai, C., Santerre, R. and Zhang, X. (2016). Performance Evaluation of Single-Frequency Point Positioning with GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou and Galileo. Survey Review, 49(354), 197205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Santerre, R., Pan, L., Cai, C. and Zhu, J. (2014). Single Point Positioning Using GPS, GLONASS and BeiDou Satellites. Positioning, 5, 107114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Satirapod, C., Rizos, C. and Wang, J. (2001). GPS Single Point Positioning with SA Off: How Accurate Can We Get? Survey Review, 36(282), 255262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shi, C., Zhao, Q., Geng, J., Lou, Y., Ge, M. and Liu, J. (2008). Recent Development of PANDA Software in GNSS Data Processing. In Proceedings of the Society of Photographic Instrumentation Engineers 7285, International Conference on Earth Observation Data Processing and Analysis (ICEODPA), 72851S, Wuhan, China, 28 December 2008.Google Scholar
Shi, C., Zhao, Q., Hu, Z. and Liu, J. (2013). Precise Relative Positioning Using Real Tracking Data from COMPASS GEO and IGSO Satellites. GPS Solutions, 17(1), 103119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shi, C., Zhao, Q.L., Li, M., Tang, W.M., Hu, Z.G., Lou, Y.D., Zhang, H.P., Niu, X.J. and Liu, J.N. (2012). Precise Orbit Determination of Beidou Satellites with Precise Positioning. Science China Earth Sciences, 55(7), 10791086.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Steigenberger, P. and Montenbruck, O. (2017). Galileo Status: Orbits, Clocks, and Positioning. GPS Solutions, 21(2), 319331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, N., Yuan, Y., Li, Z. and Huo, X. (2016). Improvement of Klobuchar Model for GNSS Single-Frequency Ionospheric Delay Corrections. Advances in Space Research, 57(7), 15551569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wanninger, L. and Beer, S. (2015). BeiDou Satellite-Induced Code Pseudorange Variations: Diagnosis and Therapy. GPS Solutions, 19(4), 639648.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Xing, N., Su, R.R., Zhou, J.H., Hu, X.G., Gong, X.Q., Liu, L., He, F., Guo, R., Ren, H., Hu, G.M. and Zhang, L. (2013). Analysis of RDSS Positioning Accuracy Based on RNSS Wide Area Differential Technique. Science China Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy, 56(10), 19952001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Xu, G. (2007). GPS: Theory, Algorithms and Application. 2nd edn. Springer, Berlin.Google Scholar
Yang, Y.X., Li, J.L., Wang, A.B., Xu, J.Y., He, H.B., Guo, H.R., Shen, J.F. and Dai, X. (2014). Preliminary Assessment of the Navigation and Positioning Performance of BeiDou Regional Navigation Satellite System. Science China Earth Sciences, 57(1), 144152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zumberge, J.F., Heftin, M.B., Jefferson, D.C., Watkins, M.M. and Webb, F.H. (1997). Precise Point Positioning for the Efficient and Robust Analysis of GPS Data from Large Networks. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 102(B3), 50055017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
1
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Benefit of Sparse Reference Network in BDS Single Point Positioning with Single-Frequency Measurements
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Benefit of Sparse Reference Network in BDS Single Point Positioning with Single-Frequency Measurements
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Benefit of Sparse Reference Network in BDS Single Point Positioning with Single-Frequency Measurements
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *