Published online by Cambridge University Press: 23 November 2017
The current positioning accuracy of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) Single Point Positioning (SPP) with code measurement is in the order of several metres due to systematic errors. To further reduce the systematic errors in SPP, this contribution develops a new strategy to BDS SPP with a sparse reference network, named Augmented SPP (A-SPP). In this method, the Combined Residual Errors (CRE) products of BDS B1I measurement are integrated with three optional base stations that are close to the rover station. Based on the Satellite Elevation Angle Weighted (SEAW) average technique, the code residual errors of each BDS satellite observed by the rover station can be acquired epoch-by-epoch. Finally, the corrected code observations for the rover station can be utilised to achieve an A-SPP solution. The validation of this method is confirmed by both static and kinematic tests. Results clearly show that the accuracies of the A-SPP solution for horizontal and vertical directions are better than 0·5 m and 1·0 m. This study suggests that the proposed A-SPP solution is a good option for single-frequency GNSS users to improve their positioning performance.