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Published online by Cambridge University Press: 11 November 2008
At the outset of the 1970s it is estimated that there are upwards of one million refugees in Africa, with about equal numbers from independent African states, and from non-self-governing and minority-ruled states. The largest single group are the Angolan refugees in Congo-Kinshasa, now estimated to number 400,000. Other large groups of refugees are from Rwanda, Sudan, and Guinea-Bissau. There are also smaller groups from Congo-Kinshasa, Ethiopia, and Zambia, as well as from Mozambique, South Africa, Namibia, and Rhodesia.