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A new viewpoint to the mechanism for the effects of melt overheating on solidification of Pb-Bi alloys

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 January 2011

Fang-Qiu Zu
Affiliation:
Liquid/Solid Metal Processing Institute, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, People’s Republic of China
Yong-Chi Liu
Affiliation:
Liquid/Solid Metal Processing Institute, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, People’s Republic of China
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Abstract

The effects of melt overheating treatment on solidification of Pb-Bi alloys were studied from the viewpoint of liquid-liquid structure change (LLSC). Anomalous temperature dependence of internal friction, electrical resistivity, and entropy of liquid Pb-Bi alloys suggested that discontinuous LLSC occurred within about 520–740 °C, based on which the solidification experiments were carried out with different states of Pb-Bi melts. The results revealed that the LLSC affected the solidification behavior and microstructures significantly, that is, the enlarged undercooling, increased nucleation rate, and refined and improved morphologies were brought about when solidifying from the melt experienced LLSC. It is assumed that the LLSC changed the energy constitution of the melt system, and further affected the effective partition coefficient, thermodynamics, and kinetics of crystal growth, then finally altered the solidification behavior and solidified microstructures. This work brings a novel insight into the effect of melt overheating treatment on solidification, by which it could be more effective to manipulate melts.

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Copyright © Materials Research Society 2009

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