Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-747cfc64b6-dwt4q Total loading time: 0.267 Render date: 2021-06-13T20:07:17.802Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

Nanostructured of SnO2/NiO composite as a highly selective formaldehyde gas sensor

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 September 2020

Lei Xu
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, PR China
Meiying Ge
Affiliation:
National Engineering Research Center for Nanotechnology, Shanghai 200241, PR China
Fang Zhang
Affiliation:
National Engineering Research Center for Nanotechnology, Shanghai 200241, PR China
Haijun Huang
Affiliation:
National Engineering Research Center for Nanotechnology, Shanghai 200241, PR China
Yan Sun
Affiliation:
National Laboratory for Infrared Physics, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200083, PR China
Dannong He
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, PR China
Corresponding
E-mail address:
Get access

Abstract

To detect low concentrations of formaldehyde selectively, the sensing properties of SnO2 nanostructured are enhanced by modifying with p-type semiconductor NiO. In this study, a nanostructured SnO2/NiO composite was prepared by a simple hydrothermal method. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) peak in 532.4 eV proved that the existence of the SnO2/NiO composite structure increased the amount of adsorbed oxygen O and O2− significantly. Gas-sensing tests showed that these mixed phases SnO2/NiO are highly promising for gas sensor applications, as the gas response for formaldehyde was significantly enhanced in gas response, selectivity at an operating temperature of 230 °C. The sensor fabricated by SnO2/NiO composite can detect as low as 1 ppm of formaldehyde at 230 °C, and the corresponding response is 1.57. The results of physicochemical properties tests of the samples show that the enhancement in sensitivity and selectivity is attributed to the oxygen vacancies and heterojunction between SnO2 and NiO. The SnO2/NiO composites can be applied to sensitive materials of formaldehyde sensors.

Type
Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2020, published on behalf of Materials Research Society by Cambridge University Press

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Liu, R.-z., Bao fu, Q., Feng min, L., Li hua, C., and Min, L.: Research on In2O3-based formaldehyde sensor. Electron. Compon. Mater. 25, 15 (2006).Google Scholar
Li, N., Fan, Y., Shi, Y., Xiang, Q., Wang, X., and Xu, J.: A low temperature formaldehyde gas sensor based on hierarchical SnO/SnO2 nano-flowers assembled from ultrathin nanosheets: Synthesis, sensing performance and mechanism. Sens. Actuators, B 294, 106 (2019).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhu, H., She, J., Zhou, M., and Fan, X.: Rapid and sensitive detection of formaldehyde using portable 2-dimensional gas chromatography equipped with photoionization detectors. Sens. Actuators, B 283, 182 (2019).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lin, Z., Li, N., Chen, Z., and Fu, P.: The effect of Ni doping concentration on the gas sensing properties of Ni doped SnO2. Sens. Actuators, B 239, 501 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhu, L. and Zeng, W.: Room-temperature gas sensing of ZnO-based gas sensor: A review. Sens. Actuators, A 267, 242 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chava, R., Oh, S.-Y., and Yu, Y.-T.: Enhanced H2 gas sensing properties of Au@In2O3 core-shell hybrid metal-semiconductor heteronanostructures. CrystEngComm 18, 3655 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, S., Yu, W., Cheng, C., Zhang, T., and Ge, M.: Fabrication of mesoporous SnO2 nanocubes with superior ethanol gas sensing property. Mater. Res. Bull. 89, 267 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vallejos, S., Stoycheva, T., Umek, P., Navio, C., and Snyders, R.: Au nanoparticle-functionalised WO3 nanoneedles and their application in high sensitivity gas sensor devices. Chem. Commun. 47, 565 (2011).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dou, Z., Cao, C., Chen, Y., and Song, W.: Fabrication of porous Co3O4 nanowires with high CO sensing performance at a low operating temperature. Chem. Commun. 50, 14889 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dirksen, J.A., Duval, K., and Ring, T.A.: NiO thin-film formaldehyde gas sensor. Sens. Actuators, B 80, 106 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, C., Cheng, X., Zhou, X., Sun, P., Hu, X., Shimanoe, K., Lu, G., and Yamazoe, N.: Hierarchical alpha-Fe2O3/NiO composites with a hollow structure for a gas sensor. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 12031 (2014).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jeong, Y.J. and Balamurugan, C.: Enhanced CO2 gas-sensing performance of ZnO nanopowder by La loaded during simple hydrothermal method. Sens. Actuators, B 229, 288 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaneti, Y., Zhang, Z., Chen, C., and Yue, J.: Solvothermal synthesis of ZnO-decorated alpha-Fe2O3 nanorods with highly enhanced gas-sensing performance toward n-butanol. J. Mater. Chem. A 2, 13283 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jeong, Y., Koo, W.-T., Jang, J.-S., Kim, D.-H., and Kim, M.-H.: Nanoscale PtO2 catalysts-loaded SnO2 multichannel nanofibers toward highly sensitive acetone sensor. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 2016 (2018).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Weber, M., Lee, J.-H., Kim, J.-Y., and Iatsunskyi, I.: High-performance nanowire hydrogen sensors by exploiting the synergistic effect of Pd nanoparticles and metal-organic framework membranes. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 34765 (2018).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chen, H., Zhao, Y., Shi, L., Li, G.-D., and Sun, L.: Revealing the relationship between energy level and gas sensing performance in heteroatom-doped semiconducting nanostructures. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 29795 (2018).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jeong, H.-M., Kim, J.-H., Jeong, S.-Y., Kwak, C.-H., and Lee, J.-H.: Co3O4-SnO2 hollow heteronanostructures: Facile control of gas selectivity by compositional tuning of sensing materials via galvanic replacement. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 7877 (2016).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ji, H., Zeng, W., and Li, Y.: Gas sensing mechanisms of metal oxide semiconductors: A focus review. Nanoscale 11, 22664 (2019).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zhang, Z., Xu, M., Liu, L., Ruan, X., and Yan, J.: Novel SnO2@ZnO hierarchical nanostructures for highly sensitive and selective NO2 gas sensing. Sens. Actuators, B 257, 714 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sen, S., Kanitkar, P., Sharma, A., Muthe, K.P., and Rath, A.: Growth of SnO2/W18O49 nanowire hierarchical heterostructure and their application as chemical sensor. Sens. Actuators, B 147, 453 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Li, F., Zhang, T., Gao, X., Wang, R., and Li, B.: Coaxial electrospinning heterojunction SnO2/Au-doped In2O3 core-shell nanofibers for acetone gas sensor. Sens. Actuators, B 252, 822 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, L., Liu, H., Fu, H., Wang, Y., and Yu, K.: Polymer g-C3N4 wrapping bundle-like ZnO nanorod heterostructures with enhanced gas sensing properties. J. Mater. Res. 33, 1401 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, D., Wan, K., Zhang, M., Li, H., Wang, P., Wang, X., and Yang, J.: Constructing hierarchical SnO2 nanofiber/nanosheets for efficient formaldehyde detection. Sens. Actuators, B 283, 714 (2019).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walker, J., Akbar, S., and Morris, P.: Synergistic effects in gas sensing semiconducting oxide nano-heterostructures: A review. Sens. Actuators, B 286, 624 (2019).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hu, J., Li, X., Wang, X., Li, Y., and Li, Q.: Hierarchical aloe-like SnO2 nanoflowers and their gas sensing properties. J. Mater. Res. 33, 1433 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cui, Y., Zhang, M., Li, X., Wang, B., and Wang, R.: Investigation on synthesis and excellent gas-sensing properties of hierarchical Au-loaded SnO2 nanoflowers. J. Mater. Res. 34, 2944 (2019).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bhattacharya, A., Jiang, Y., Gao, Q., Chu, X., and Dong, Y.: Highly responsive and selective formaldehyde sensor based on La3+-doped barium stannate microtubes prepared by electrospinning. J. Mater. Res. 34, 2067 (2019).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Di Giulio, M., Micocci, G., Serra, A., Tepore, A., Rella, R., and Siciliano, P.: SNO2 thin-films for gas sensor prepared by rf reactive sputtering. Sens. Actuators, B 25, 465 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bai, S., Fu, H., Zhao, Y., Tian, K., and Luo, R.: On the construction of hollow nanofibers of ZnO-SnO2 heterojunctions to enhance the NO2 sensing properties. Sens. Actuators, B 266, 692 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, K.S. and Winograd, N.: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic studies of nickel-oxygen surfaces using oxygen and argon ion-bombardment. Surf. Sci. 43, 625 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, H., Qu, Y., Chen, H., Lin, Z., and Dai, K.: Highly selective n-butanol gas sensor based on mesoporous SnO2 prepared with hydrothermal treatment. Sens. Actuators, B 201, 153 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ren, H., Zhao, W., Wang, L., Ryu, S.O., and Gu, C.: Preparation of porous flower-like SnO2 micro/nano structures and their enhanced gas sensing property. J. Alloys Compd. 653, 611 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shimizu, Y. and Egashira, M.: Basic aspects and challenges of semiconductor gas sensors. MRS Bull. 24, 18 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hu, D., Han, B., Deng, S., Feng, Z., and Wang, Y.: Novel mixed phase SnO2 nanorods assembled with SnO2 nanocrystals for enhancing gas-sensing performance toward isopropanol gas. J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 9832 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yin, G., Sun, J., Zhang, F., Yu, W., and Peng, F.: Enhanced gas selectivity induced by surface active oxygen in SnO/SnO2 heterojunction structures at different temperatures. RSC Adv. 9, 1903 (2019).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yamazoe, N.: New approaches for improving semiconductor gas sensors. Sens. Actuators, B 5, 7 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sun, J., Yin, G., Cai, T., Yu, W., Peng, F., Sun, Y., Zhang, F., Lu, J., Ge, M., and He, D.: The role of oxygen vacancies in the sensing properties of Ni substituted SnO2 microspheres. RSC Adv. 8, 33080 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dai, W., Pan, X., Chen, S., Chen, C., and Wen, Z.: Honeycomb-like NiO/ZnO heterostructured nanorods: Photochemical synthesis, characterization, and enhanced UV detection performance. J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 4606 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sun, G., Chen, H., Li, Y., Chen, Z., Zhang, S., Ma, G., Jia, T., Cao, J., Bala, H., Wang, X., and Zhang, Z.: Synthesis and improved gas sensing properties of NiO-decorated SnO2 microflowers assembled with porous nanorods. Sens. Actuators, B 233, 180 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, H.-J. and Lee, J.-H.: Highly sensitive and selective gas sensors using p-type oxide semiconductors: Overview. Sens. Actuators, B 192, 607 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liu, C., Zhao, L., Wang, B., Sun, P., Wang, Q., Gao, Y., Liang, X., Zhang, T., and Lu, G.: Acetone gas sensor based on NiO/ZnO hollow spheres: Fast response and recovery, and low (ppb) detection limit. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 495, 207 (2017).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chun, J., Kim, J., Choi, W. and Baik, J.: Self-powered, room-temperature electronic nose based on triboelectrification and heterogeneous catalytic reaction. Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 7049 (2015).Google Scholar
Supplementary material: Image

Xu et al. supplementary material

Xu et al. supplementary material 1

Download Xu et al. supplementary material(Image)
Image 4 MB
Supplementary material: File

Xu et al. supplementary material

Xu et al. supplementary material 2

Download Xu et al. supplementary material(File)
File 12 KB

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Nanostructured of SnO2/NiO composite as a highly selective formaldehyde gas sensor
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Nanostructured of SnO2/NiO composite as a highly selective formaldehyde gas sensor
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Nanostructured of SnO2/NiO composite as a highly selective formaldehyde gas sensor
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *