Hostname: page-component-7479d7b7d-68ccn Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-14T09:14:54.093Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

In situ construction of BiOBr/Ag3PO4 composites with enhanced visible light photocatalytic performances

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 March 2017

Juntao Yan
School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan 430023, People’s Republic of China
Mengqiu Xu
School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan 430023, People’s Republic of China
Bo Chai*
School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan 430023, People’s Republic of China
Haibo Wang
School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan 430023, People’s Republic of China
Chunlei Wang
School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan 430023, People’s Republic of China
Zhandong Ren
School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan 430023, People’s Republic of China
a) Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail:
Get access


The BiOBr/Ag3PO4 composites were fabricated by a facile in situ deposition of Ag3PO4 nanoparticles on the BiOBr microsheets and analyzed by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, high resolution transmission electron microscope, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, UV–vis diffuse reflectance absorption spectra, Fourier transform infrared, Raman, photoluminescence (PL), and photoelectrochemical techniques. The photocatalytic performances of as-prepared samples were investigated and compared through degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB) solution. The results suggested that 30 wt% amount of BiOBr in the composites possessed the highest photocatalytic activity. The remarkably improved photocatalytic performances of BiOBr/Ag3PO4 composites could be ascribed to the efficient separation of electron–hole pairs, due to suitable energy band potentials between BiOBr and Ag3PO4. Furthermore, the photoelectrochemical and PL tests verified the separation and transfer efficiency of charges was promoted.

Copyright © Materials Research Society 2017 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Contributing Editor: Xiaobo Chen



Chen, D.N., Zhang, X.G., and Lee, A.F.: Synthetic strategies to nanostructured photocatalysts for CO2 reduction to solar fuels and chemicals. J. Mater. Chem. A 3, 14487 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zou, X.X. and Zhang, Y.: Noble metal-free hydrogen evolution catalysts for water splitting. Chem. Soc. Rev. 44, 5148 (2015).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chang, X.F., Huang, J., Cheng, C., Sui, Q., Sha, W., Ji, G.B., Deng, S.B., and Yu, G.: BiOX (X = Cl, Br, I) photocatalysts prepared using NaBiO3 as the Bi source: Characterization and catalytic performance. Catal. Commun. 11, 460 (2010).Google Scholar
Zhang, L.W., Xu, T.G., Zhao, X., and Zhu, Y.F.: Controllable synthesis of Bi2MoO6 and effect of morphology and variation in local structure on photocatalytic activities. Appl. Catal., B 98, 138 (2010).Google Scholar
Ou, M., Nie, H.Y., Zhong, Q., Zhang, S.L., and Zhong, L.: Controllable synthesis of 3D BiVO4 superstructures with visible-light-induced photocatalytic oxidation of NO in the gas phase and mechanistic analysis. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17, 28809 (2015).Google Scholar
Zhang, L.W. and Zhu, Y.F.: A review of controllable synthesis and enhancement of performances of bismuth tungstate visible-light-driven photocatalysts. Catal. Sci. Technol. 2, 694 (2012).Google Scholar
Chen, J., Liu, W.X., and Gao, W.W.: Tuning photocatalytic activity of In2S3 broadband spectrum photocatalyst based on morphology. Appl. Surf. Sci. 368, 288 (2016).Google Scholar
Chai, B., Peng, T.Y., Zeng, P., Zhang, X.H., and Liu, X.J.: Template-free hydrothermal synthesis of ZnIn2S4 floriated microsphere as an efficient photocatalyst for H2 production under visible-light irradiation. J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 6149 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Xiao, X.L., Ge, L., Han, C.C., Li, Y.J., Zhao, Z., Xin, X.J., Fang, S.M., Wu, L.N., and Qiu, P.: A facile way to synthesize Ag@AgBr cubic cages with efficient visible-light-induced photocatalytic activity. Appl. Catal., B 163, 564 (2015).Google Scholar
Bi, Y.P., Ouyang, S.X., Umezawa, N., Cao, J.Y., and Ye, J.H.: Facet effect of single-crystalline Ag3PO4 sub-microcrystals on photocatalytic properties. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 6490 (2011).Google Scholar
Yang, X.F., Li, R., Wang, Y.Q., Wu, K.Q., Chang, S.F., and Tang, H.: Solvent-induced controllable synthesis of recyclable Ag2CO3 catalysts with enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity. Ceram. Int. 42, 13411 (2016).Google Scholar
Zhao, W., Guo, Y., Faiz, Y., Yuan, W.T., Sun, C., Wang, S.M., Deng, Y.H., Zhuang, Y., Li, Y., Wang, X.M., He, H., and Yang, S.G.: Facile in situ synthesis of Ag/AgVO3 one-dimensional hybrid nanoribbons with enhanced performance of plasmonic visible-light photocatalysis. Appl. Catal., B 163, 288 (2015).Google Scholar
Cao, S.W., Low, J.X., Yu, J.G., and Jaroniec, M.: Polymeric photocatalysts based on graphitic carbon nitride. Adv. Mater. 27, 2150 (2015).Google Scholar
Wang, W.G., Cheng, B., Yu, J.G., Liu, G., and Fan, W.H.: Visible-light photocatalytic activity and deactivation mechanism of Ag3PO4 spherical particles. Chem.–Asian J. 7, 1902 (2012).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zhang, M.Y., Li, L., and Zhang, X.T.: One-dimensional Ag3PO4/TiO2 heterostructure with enhanced photocatalytic activity for the degradation of 4-nitrophenol. RSC Adv. 5, 29693 (2015).Google Scholar
Liu, W., Wang, M.L., Xu, C.X., Chen, S.F., and Fu, X.L.: Ag3PO4/ZnO: An efficient visible-light-sensitized composite with its application in photocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine B. Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 106 (2013).Google Scholar
Zhang, L.L., Zhang, H.C., Huang, H., Liu, Y., and Kang, Z.H.: Ag3PO4/SnO2 semiconductor nanocomposites with enhanced photocatalytic activity and stability. New J. Chem. 36, 1541 (2012).Google Scholar
Lin, X., Hou, J., Jiang, S.S., Lin, Z., Wang, M., and Che, G.B.: A Z-scheme visible-light-driven Ag/Ag3PO4/Bi2MoO6 photocatalyst: Synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic activity. RSC Adv. 5, 104815 (2015).Google Scholar
Fu, G.K., Xu, G.N., Chen, S.P., Lei, L., and Zhang, M.L.: Ag3PO4/Bi2WO6 hierarchical heterostructures with enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity for the degradation of phenol. Catal. Commun. 40, 120 (2013).Google Scholar
Xu, H., Zhao, H.Z., Xu, Y.G., Chen, Z.G., Huang, L.Y., Li, Y.P., Song, Y.H., Zhang, Q., and Li, H.M.: Three-dimensionally ordered macroporous WO3 modified Ag3PO4 with enhanced visible light photocatalytic performance. Ceram. Int. 42, 1392 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liu, L., Qi, Y.H., Lu, J.R., Lin, S.L., An, W.J., Liang, Y.H., and Cui, W.Q.: A stable Ag3PO4@g-C3N4 hybrid core@shell composite with enhanced visible light photocatalytic degradation. Appl. Catal., B 183, 133 (2016).Google Scholar
Qi, X.M., Gu, M.L., Zhu, X.Y., Wu, J., Wu, Q., Long, H.M., and He, K.: Controlled synthesis of Ag3PO4/BiVO4 composites with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic performance for the degradation of RhB and 2,4-DCP. Mater. Res. Bull. 80, 215 (2016).Google Scholar
Lei, L.W., Jin, H.H., Zhang, Q., Xu, J., Gao, D., and Fu, Z.Y.: A novel enhanced visible-light-driven photocatalyst via hybridization of nanosized BiOCl and graphitic C3N4 . Dalton Trans. 44, 795 (2015).Google Scholar
Teng, Q.Z., Zhou, X.S., Jin, B., Luo, J., Xu, X.Y., Guan, H.J., Wang, W., and Yang, F.: Synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic activity of a BiOI/TiO2 nanobelt array for methyl orange degradation under visible light irradiation. RSC Adv. 6, 36881 (2016).Google Scholar
Xiang, Y.H., Ju, P., Wang, Y., Sun, Y., Zhang, D., and Yu, J.Q.: Chemical etching preparation of the Bi2WO6/BiOI p–n heterojunction with enhanced photocatalytic antifouling activity under visible light irradiation. Chem. Eng. J. 288, 264 (2016).Google Scholar
Kong, L., Jiang, Z., Xiao, T.C., Lu, L.F., Jones, M.O., and Edwards, P.P.: Exceptional visible-light-driven photocatalytic activity over BiOBr–ZnFe2O4 heterojunctions. Chem. Commun. 47, 5512 (2011).Google Scholar
Xia, J.X., Di, J., Yin, S., Xu, H., Zhang, J., Xu, Y.G., Xu, L., Li, H.M., and Ji, M.X.: Facile fabrication of the visible-light-driven Bi2WO6/BiOBr composite with enhanced photocatalytic activity. RSC Adv. 4, 82 (2014).Google Scholar
Li, W.B., Zhang, Y.P., Bu, Y.Y., and Chen, Z.Y.: One-pot synthesis of the BiVO4/BiOBr heterojunction composite for enhanced photocatalytic performance. J. Alloys Compd. 680, 677 (2016).Google Scholar
Miao, Y.C., Yin, H.B., Peng, L., Huo, Y.N., and Li, H.X.: BiOBr/Bi2MoO6 composite in flower-like microspheres with enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible-light irradiation. RSC Adv. 6, 13498 (2016).Google Scholar
Sun, Y.J., Zhang, W.D., Xiong, T., Zhao, Z.W., Dong, F., Wang, R.Q., and Ho, W.K.: Growth of BiOBr nanosheets on C3N4 nanosheets to construct two-dimensional nanojunctions with enhanced photoreactivity for NO removal. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 418, 317 (2014).Google Scholar
Cao, B.C., Dong, P.Y., Cao, S., and Wang, Y.H.: BiOCl/Ag3PO4 composites with highly enhanced ultraviolet and visible light photocatalytic performances. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96, 544 (2013).Google Scholar
Mehraj, O., Mir, N.A., Pirzada, B.M., and Sabir, S.: Fabrication of novel Ag3PO4/BiOBr heterojunction with high stability and enhanced visible-light-driven photocatalytic activity. Appl. Surf. Sci. 332, 419 (2015).Google Scholar
Wang, Y.Q., Cheng, X.F., Meng, X.T., Feng, H.W., Yang, S.G., and Sun, C.: Preparation and characterization of Ag3PO4/BiOI heterostructure photocatalyst with highly visible-light-induced photocatalytic properties. J. Alloys Compd. 632, 445 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cui, Z.K., Si, M.M., Zheng, Z., Mi, L.W., Fa, W.J., and Jia, H.M.: Preparation and characterization of Ag3PO4/BiOI composites with enhanced visible light driven photocatalytic performance. Catal. Commun. 42, 121 (2013).Google Scholar
Jiang, Z., Yang, F., Yang, G.D., Kong, L., Jones, M.O., Xiao, T.C., and Edwards, P.P.: The hydrothermal synthesis of BiOBr flakes for visible-light-responsive photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange. J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 212, 8 (2010).Google Scholar
Huo, Y.N., Zhang, J., Miao, M., and Jin, Y.: Solvothermal synthesis of flower-like BiOBr microspheres with highly visible-light photocatalytic performances. Appl. Catal., B 111, 334 (2012).Google Scholar
Zhang, D., Li, J., Wang, Q.G., and Wu, Q.S.: High {001} facets dominated BiOBr lamellas: Facile hydrolysis preparation and selective visible-light photocatalytic activity. J. Mater. Chem. A 1, 8622 (2013).Google Scholar
Xiong, Z.G., Zhang, L.L., Ma, J.Z., and Zhao, X.S.: Photocatalytic degradation of dyes over grapheme-gold nanocomposites under visible light irradiation. Chem. Commun. 46, 6099 (2010).Google Scholar