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Effects of heat-treatment on the spectroscopic and electrochemical properties of a mixed manganese/vanadium oxide film prepared by electrodeposition

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 March 2011

Masaharu Nakayama*
Affiliation:
Faculty of Engineering, Department of Applied Chemistry, Yamaguchi University, 2-16-1 Tokiwadai, Ube 755-8611, Japan
Akihiro Tanaka
Affiliation:
Faculty of Engineering, Department of Applied Chemistry, Yamaguchi University, 2-16-1 Tokiwadai, Ube 755-8611, Japan
Sayaka Konishi
Affiliation:
Faculty of Engineering, Department of Applied Chemistry, Yamaguchi University, 2-16-1 Tokiwadai, Ube 755-8611, Japan
Kotaro Ogura
Affiliation:
Faculty of Engineering, Department of Applied Chemistry, Yamaguchi University, 2-16-1 Tokiwadai, Ube 755-8611, Japan
*
a) Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: nkymm@yamaguchi-u.ac.jp
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Abstract

Thin films of mixed manganese (mainly 4+) and vanadium (5+) oxides deposited electrochemically on a platinum substrate have been heat-treated under vacuum at various temperatures between 25 and 400 °C. Electron spin resonance and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that the reductive formation of Mn2+ occurs at 300 °C only in the presence of vanadium within the film. This phenomenon can be regarded as a result of electron transfer from V4+ ions generated thermally to neighboring Mn sites. Voltammetric response of the heat-treated Mn/V oxide film in borate solution was enhanced with increasing the number of potential cycles, and the steady-state current was much larger than that of pure manganese oxide. Vanadate ions were diffused from the film to maintain the charge balance during the repetition cycles. The resultant porous structure can allow easier mass transport of protons to electrically conductive Mn oxide surface, offering the improved charge–discharge performance of the electrode.

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Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2004

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Effects of heat-treatment on the spectroscopic and electrochemical properties of a mixed manganese/vanadium oxide film prepared by electrodeposition
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