Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-544b6db54f-kbvt8 Total loading time: 0.189 Render date: 2021-10-23T01:23:32.962Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Studies on Onchocerca cervicalis Railliet and Henry 1910: V. The development of Onchocerca cervicalis larvae in the Vectors

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 June 2009

Philip S. Mellor
Affiliation:
Winches Farm Field Station, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, St. Albans, Herts

Abstract

Colonies of Culicoides nubeculosus and C. variipennis were established at Winches Farm Field Station, St. Albans.

Both species of midge were found to be susceptible to infection with Onchocerca cervicalis microfilariae. Infection was achieved either by engorging through a chick skin membrane on a suspension of microfilariae in blood, or by feeding upon a horse naturally infected with O. cervicalis microfilariae.

A large proportion of the microfilariae ingested by the midges penetrated into the haemocoel and migrated first to the thoracic flight muscles and then to the head. Larval development occurred during migration and 3rd stage (infective) larvae of O. cervicalis reached the head of infected midges (kept at 23°C.) 14–15 days after engorgement.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1975

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Bain, O. (1969) Morphologie des stades larvaires d'onchocerca volvulus chez Simulium damnosum et redescription de la microfilariae. Annales de Parasitologie humain et comparee, 44, 69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buckley, J.J.C. (1934) On the development in Culicoides furens Poey of Filaria (Mansonella) ozzardi Manson 1897. Journal of Helminthology, 12, 99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buckley, J.J.C. (1938) On Culicoides as a vector of Onchocerca gibsoni (Cleland and Johnson 1910). Journal of Helminthology, 16, 121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Duke, B.O.L. and Lewis, D.J. (1964) Studies on factors influencing the transmission of onchocerciasis. The effect of the peritrophic membrane in limiting development of O. volvulus microfilariae in Simulium damnosum. Annals of tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 58, 83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eichler, D.A. (1971) Studies on Onchocerca gutturosa (Neumann 1910) and its development in Simulium ornatum (Meigen 1818). II. Behaviour of S. ornatum in relation to the transmission of O. gutturosa. Journal of Helminthology, 45, 259.Google ScholarPubMed
Eichler, D.A. and Nelson, G.S. (1971) Studies on Onchocerca gutturosa (Neumann 1910) and its development in Simulium ornatum (Meigen 1818). I. Observations on O. gutturosa in cattle in South-East England. Journal of Helminthology, 45, 245.Google ScholarPubMed
Jones, H.R. (1969) An improved larval medium for colonised Culicoides variipennis. Journal of economic Entomology, 62, 1483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jordan, P. and Goatly, K.D. (1962) Bancroftian filariasis in Tanganyika, development in Culex fatigans. Annals of tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 56, 173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lavoipierre, M.M.J. (1958) Studies on the host-parasite relationships of filarial nematodes and their arthropod hosts. I. The site of development and migration of Loa loa in Chrysops silacea, the escape of the infective forms from the head of the fly and the effect of the worm on its insect host. Annals of tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 52, 103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Laurence, B.R. (1966) Intake and migration of the microfilariae of Onchocerca volvulus (Leuckart) in Simulium damnosum, Theobald. Journal of Helminthology, 40, 337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lewis, D.J. (1953) Simulium damnosum and its relation to onchocerciasis in the Anglo-Eygptian Sudan. Bulletin of entomological Research, 43, 597.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mcmahon, J.P. (1968) Artificial feeding of Simulium vectors of human and bovine onchocerciasis. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 38, 957.Google Scholar
Mcmahon, J.P. and Nelson, G.S. (1967) Feeding adult Simulium ornatum in the laboratory (Demonstration). Transactions of the Royal Society of tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 61, 21.Google Scholar
Mellor, P.S. (1971) A membrane feeding technique for the infection of Culicoides nubeculosus Mg. and Culicoides variipennis sonorensis Coq. with Onchocerca cervicalis Rail, and Henry. Transactions of the Royal Society of tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 65, 199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mellor, P.S. (1973) Studies on Onchocerca cervicalis Railliet and Henry 1910:I. Onchocerca cervicalis in British horses. Journal of Helminthology. 47, 97.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Moignoux, J.B. (1951) Recherches experimentales sur ie cycle evolutif des microfilares d'Onchocerca reticulata Dicsing, en Camargue. Comptes rendus des seances de la Socićté de biologie, 145, 1572.Google Scholar
Moignoux, J.B. (1952) Sur l'identite des deux especes d'Onchocerca: O. rcticulata Diesing 1841 et O. cervicalis Rail, and Henry 1910. Etudes biologiquc comparative. Comptes rendus des seances de la Socićté de biologie, 146, 573.Google Scholar
Nelson, G.S. (1960) The identification of filarial larvae in their vectors. Indian Journal of Malariology, 14, 585.Google ScholarPubMed
Nelson, G.S. (1964) Factors influencing the development and behaviour of filarial nematodes in their arthropod hosts. In: Host-parasite relationships in invertebrate hosts, Taylor, A.E.R. (ed). Symposium of the British Society for Parasitology (2nd). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Nelson, G.S., Amin, M.A., Blackie, E.J. and Robson, N. (1966) The maintenance of Onchocerca gutturosa microfilariae in vitro and in vivo (Demonstration). Transactions of the Royal Society of tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 60, 17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Steward, J.S. (1933) Onchocerca cervialis (Railliet and Henry 1910) and its development in Culicoides nubeculosus Meigen. 3rd Report of the Cambridge University Institute of Animal Pathology, 272.Google Scholar
Steward, J.S. (1937) The occurrence of Onchocerca gutturosa Neumann in cattle in England, with an account of its life-history and development in Simulium ornatum Meigen. Parasitology, 29, 212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vargas, L. (1942) Algunas consideraciones sobre el desarrollo de Onchocerca volvulus en los Simulidos. Revta. Inst. Sal. Enferm. Trop., 3, 57.Google Scholar
Wegesa, P. (1967) Simulium vorax Pomeroy, a vector of Onchocerca volvulus. Annals of tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 61, 89.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Studies on Onchocerca cervicalis Railliet and Henry 1910: V. The development of Onchocerca cervicalis larvae in the Vectors
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Studies on Onchocerca cervicalis Railliet and Henry 1910: V. The development of Onchocerca cervicalis larvae in the Vectors
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Studies on Onchocerca cervicalis Railliet and Henry 1910: V. The development of Onchocerca cervicalis larvae in the Vectors
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *