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Helminths infecting the parthenogenetic whiptail lizard Cnemidophorus nativo in a restinga habitat of Bahia State, Brazil

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 February 2007

V.A. Menezes
Affiliation:
Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 20550-019, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
D. Vrcibradic
Affiliation:
Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 20550-019, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
J.J. Vicente
Affiliation:
Departamento de Helmintologia, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 21045-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
G.F. Dutra
Affiliation:
Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 20550-019, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
C.F.D. Rocha*
Affiliation:
Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 20550-019, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
*
*Author for correspondence Fax: 55 21 587 7655 E-mail: cfdrocha@uerj.br

Abstract

A sample of 101 specimens of the unisexual whiptail lizard Cnemidophorus nativo (Squamata; Teiidae) from a coastal site in Bahia State, Brazil were examined for the presence of endoparasites. Of these, 35 (34.7%) harboured helminths. Six helminth species were recovered from C. nativo, including five nematodes (Physaloptera retusa, Physalopteroides venancioi, Subulura lacertilia, Skrjabinelazia intermedia and Parapharyngodon sp., and one cestode (Oochoristica ameivae), all representing new host records. Most lizards were infected by a single species of helminth and none by more than three. Infection rates were neither significantly influenced by host body size nor by environmental factors. The results are compared with data from studies on other whiptail species in both South and North America.

Type
Review Article
Copyright
Cambridge University Press 2004

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Helminths infecting the parthenogenetic whiptail lizard Cnemidophorus nativo in a restinga habitat of Bahia State, Brazil
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