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Simultaneous measurements of scalar and velocity field evolution in turbulent crossflowing jets

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 August 2004

L. K. SU
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218-2681, USA
M. G. MUNGAL
Affiliation:
Thermosciences Division, Mechanical Engineering Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-3032, USA

Abstract

Simultaneous planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) and particle image velocimetry (PIV) yield measurements of two-dimensional jet fluid concentration and velocity fields in turbulent crossflowing jets. The jet-to-crossflow velocity ratio is $r = 5.7$ and the jet exit Reynolds number is approximately 5000. The measurements are focused on the developing region of the flow. Two flow configurations are studied, one in which the jet nozzle is flush with the tunnel wall and the other where the nozzle protrudes into the uniform region of the tunnel flow. The jet nozzle in both cases is a simple pipe. The averaged scalar and velocity fields show a strong similarity in growth rates and centreline decay rates between the two nozzle configurations when using the centreline downstream coordinate $s$. This suggests that the flow geometry is less important than, for example, jet exit conditions in determining the initial flow development. The velocity fields show indications of jet-like scaling in the near field, and a possible approach to wake-like scaling in the far field. These canonical scalings are less evident in the scalar fields. Results are presented for the averaged scalar variance, $\langle C^{'2}\rangle$, the scalar flux components, $\langle u_{i}'C'\rangle$, the turbulent normal stresses, $\langle u^{\prime 2}\rangle$ and $\langle v^{\prime 2}\rangle$, and the turbulent shear stress, $\langle u'v'\rangle$. We also discuss the resolution issues bearing on the determination of small-scale fluctuations.

Type
Papers
Copyright
© 2004 Cambridge University Press

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