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Particle transport induced by internal wave beam streaming in lateral boundary layers

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 May 2019

E. Horne
Affiliation:
LadHyX, CNRS, École Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau CEDEX, France Univ Lyon, ENS de Lyon, Univ Claude Bernard, CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique, F-69342 Lyon, France
F. Beckebanze
Affiliation:
Mathematical Institute, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80010, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
D. Micard
Affiliation:
LMFA UMR 5509 CNRS, Université de Lyon, École Centrale 69130 Écully Lyon, France Univ Lyon, ENS de Lyon, Univ Claude Bernard, CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique, F-69342 Lyon, France
P. Odier
Affiliation:
Univ Lyon, ENS de Lyon, Univ Claude Bernard, CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique, F-69342 Lyon, France
L. R. M. Maas
Affiliation:
Institute for Marine and Atmospheric research Utrecht (IMAU), Utrecht University, Princetonplein 5, 3584 CC Utrecht, The Netherlands
S. Joubaud
Affiliation:
Univ Lyon, ENS de Lyon, Univ Claude Bernard, CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique, F-69342 Lyon, France

Abstract

Quantifying the physical mechanisms responsible for the transport of sediments, nutrients and pollutants in the abyssal sea is a long-standing problem, with internal waves regularly invoked as the relevant mechanism for particle advection near the sea bottom. This study focuses on internal-wave-induced particle transport in the vicinity of (almost) vertical walls. We report a series of laboratory experiments revealing that particles sinking slowly through a monochromatic internal wave beam experience significant horizontal advection. Extending the theoretical analysis by Beckebanze et al. (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 841, 2018, pp. 614–635), we attribute the observed particle advection to a peculiar and previously unrecognized streaming mechanism in the stratified boundary layer originating at the lateral walls. This vertical boundary layer streaming mechanism is most efficient for significantly inclined wave beams, when vertical and horizontal velocity components are of comparable magnitude. We find good agreement between our theoretical prediction and experimental results.

Type
JFM Papers
Copyright
© 2019 Cambridge University Press 

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