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Global linear instability of the rotating-disk flow investigated through simulations

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 January 2015

E. Appelquist*
Affiliation:
Linné FLOW Centre, KTH Mechanics, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden Swedish e-Science Research Centre (SeRC), SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
P. Schlatter*
Affiliation:
Linné FLOW Centre, KTH Mechanics, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden Swedish e-Science Research Centre (SeRC), SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
P. H. Alfredsson
Affiliation:
Linné FLOW Centre, KTH Mechanics, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
R. J. Lingwood
Affiliation:
Linné FLOW Centre, KTH Mechanics, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden Institute of Continuing Education, University of Cambridge, Madingley Hall, Madingley, Cambridge CB23 8AQ, UK
*
Email addresses for correspondence: ellinor@mech.kth.se, pschlatt@mech.kth.se
Email addresses for correspondence: ellinor@mech.kth.se, pschlatt@mech.kth.se

Abstract

Numerical simulations of the flow developing on the surface of a rotating disk are presented based on the linearized incompressible Navier–Stokes equations. The boundary-layer flow is perturbed by an impulsive disturbance within a linear global framework, and the effect of downstream turbulence is modelled by a damping region further downstream. In addition to the outward-travelling modes, inward-travelling disturbances excited at the radial end of the simulated linear region, $r_{end}$ , by the modelled turbulence are included within the simulations, potentially allowing absolute instability to develop. During early times the flow shows traditional convective behaviour, with the total energy slowly decaying in time. However, after the disturbances have reached $r_{end}$ , the energy evolution reaches a turning point and, if the location of $r_{end}$ is at a Reynolds number larger than approximately $R=594$ (radius non-dimensionalized by $\sqrt{{\it\nu}/{\rm\Omega}^{\ast }}$ , where ${\it\nu}$ is the kinematic viscosity and ${\rm\Omega}^{\ast }$ is the rotation rate of the disk), there will be global temporal growth. The global frequency and mode shape are clearly imposed by the conditions at $r_{end}$ . Our results suggest that the linearized Ginzburg–Landau model by Healey (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 663, 2010, pp. 148–159) captures the (linear) physics of the developing rotating-disk flow, showing that there is linear global instability provided the Reynolds number of $r_{end}$ is sufficiently larger than the critical Reynolds number for the onset of absolute instability.

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Papers
Copyright
© 2015 Cambridge University Press 

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References

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