Published online by Cambridge University Press: 12 July 2016
We present fully resolved simulations of the flow–structure interaction in a flexible pipe conveying incompressible fluid. It is shown that the Reynolds number plays a significant role in the onset of flutter for a fluid-conveying pipe modelled through the classic garden-hose problem. We investigate the complex interaction between structural and internal flow dynamics and obtain a phase diagram of the transition between states as function of three non-dimensional quantities: the fluid-tension parameter, the dimensionless fluid velocity and the Reynolds number. We find that the flow patterns inside the pipe strongly affect the type of induced motion. For unsteady flow, if there is symmetry along a direction, this leads to in-plane motion whereas breaking of the flow symmetry results in both in-plane and out-of-plane motions. Hence, above a critical Reynolds number, complex flow patterns result for the vibrating pipe as there is continuous generation of new vorticity due to the pipe wall acceleration, which is subsequently shed in the confined space of the interior of the pipe.