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Oxidative stability of buttermilk as influenced by the fatty acid composition of cows' milk manipulated by diet

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 March 2004

Dorthe Kristensen
Affiliation:
Food Chemistry, Department of Dairy and Food Science, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University (KVL), Rolighedsvej 30, DK-1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Rikke V Hedegaard
Affiliation:
Food Chemistry, Department of Dairy and Food Science, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University (KVL), Rolighedsvej 30, DK-1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Jacob H Nielsen
Affiliation:
Department of Food Science, Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Research Centre Foulum, PO Box 50, DK-8830 Tjele, Denmark
Leif H Skibsted
Affiliation:
Food Chemistry, Department of Dairy and Food Science, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University (KVL), Rolighedsvej 30, DK-1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark

Abstract

Milk from cows fed a low-fat diet high in cereals designed to stimulate fat synthesis de novo was lower in unsaturated fatty acids (21·3%) than milk from cows fed a diet high in fat, mainly from roasted soy beans (41·3% unsaturated fatty acids). Buttermilk from the more unsaturated milk was less oxidatively stable during storage (at 4 °C, followed for 11 d) than buttermilk from the more saturated milk, as monitored both by primary lipid oxidation products (lipid hydroperoxides) and by the secondary lipid oxidation product, hexanal. Fat-soluble antioxidants, β-carotene and α-tocopherol, analysed by HPLC, were not consumed during storage for either of the two types of buttermilk. In contrast, the antioxidative capacity of the serum phase decreased during storage as evaluated in a radical scavenging assay based on the semi-stable water-soluble radical nitrosodisulphonate (Fremy's salt). The time course for the decrease in water-soluble antioxidants was very similar for the two types of buttermilk suggesting that oxidation is initiated in the serum phase independently of fatty acid composition.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© Proprietors of Journal of Dairy Research 2004

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