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Factors affecting the ethanol stability of bovine milk.: I. Effect of serum phase components

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 June 2009

David S. Horne
Affiliation:
The Hannah Research Institute, Ayr, Scotland, KA6 5HL
Thomas G. Parker
Affiliation:
The Hannah Research Institute, Ayr, Scotland, KA6 5HL

Summary

By resuspending casein micelles in whey and dialysate it is shown that the role of whey proteins in the ethanol (EtOH)-induced coagulation of skim-milk is minimal. Experiments involving the interchange of milk sera indicated that the position of the EtOH stability/pH profile along the pH axis was governed by the diffusible constituents of the milk serum phase. The identities of those serum components governing the shape and position of the EtOH stability/pH profile were investigated. The addition of Ca2+ caused a shift in the entire profile to higher pH. Reduction of the available Ca2+ by addition of EDTA (up to 5 ran) shifted the profile to lower pH. The addition of phosphate (up to 5 mM) or citrate (up to 1 mM) had no effect on the profile, though higher concentrations of citrate (up to 5 mMi) caused slight shifts to lower pH. When equimolar amounts of Ca and phosphate were added, the system showed a shift in profile approximately equivalent to that of the free Ca introduced. Increasing the ionic strength of a milk by the addition of NaCl did not shift the profile, but decreased the maximum EtOH stability of the high pH arm of the sigmoidal profile. The EtOH stability/pH profile retained the same sigmoidal shape in all cases.

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Proprietors of Journal of Dairy Research 1981

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