Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-564cf476b6-lwxm7 Total loading time: 0.193 Render date: 2021-06-21T20:54:41.863Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

Composition of butters on sale in Britain

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 June 2009

David H. Buss
Affiliation:
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, London SW1P 2AE, UK
Patricia A. Jackson
Affiliation:
Laboratory of the Government Chemist, London SE1 9NQ, UK
David Scuffam
Affiliation:
Laboratory of the Government Chemist, London SE1 9NQ, UK

Summary

High-performance liquid chromatography was used to determine the amounts of all-trans retinol, 13-cis retinol and β-carotene in butters on sale in Britain. Samples originating in England and Ireland, New Zealand, Denmark and The Netherlands, and in France were analysed and each type of butter was measured in each season of the year. Fat, water, N and Na contents were also determined. The influence of season and country of origin on vitamin A content and on the level of salting are discussed.

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Proprietors of Journal of Dairy Research 1984

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Ames, S. R., Swanson, W. J. & Harris, P. L. 1955 Biochemical studies on vitamin A. XIV. Biopotencies of geometric isomers of vitamin A acetate in the rat. Journal of the American Chemical Society 77 41344136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anonymous 1966 The Butter Regulations, 1966. London: H.M.S.O. (Statutory Instrument no. 1074).Google Scholar
British Standards Institution 1961 Methods for the Chemical Analysis of Butter. B.S. 769.Google Scholar
Department of Health and Social Security 1969 Recommended Intake of Nutrients in the United Kingdom. London: H.M.S.O.Google Scholar
Egan, H., Kirk, R. S. & Sawyer, R. 1981 Pearson's Chemical Analysis of Foods, 8th edn. Edinburgh: Churchill LivingstoneGoogle Scholar
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food 1983 Household Food Consumption and Expenditure: 1981. London: H.M.S.O.Google Scholar
Moxon, R. E. D. 1983 A rapid method for the determination of sodium in butter. Journal of the Association of Public Analysts 21 8387Google Scholar
Paul, A. A. & Southgate, D. A. T. 1978 McCance and Widdowson's The Composition of Foods, 4th edn. London: H.M.S.O.Google Scholar
Scott, K. J., Bishop, D. R., Zechalko, A., Edwards-Webb, J. D., Jackson, P. A. & Scuffam, D. 1984 The nutrient content of liquid milk. I. Vitamins A, D3, C and of the B complex in pasteurized bulk liquid milk. Journal of Dairy Research 51 3750CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sivell, L. M., Bull, N. L., Buss, D. H., Wiggins, R. A., Scuffam, D. & Jackson, P. A. 1984 Vitamin A activity in foods of animal origin. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture (in press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
World Health Organization 1967 Requirements of vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavine and niacin. Geneva: W.H.O. (W.H.O. Technical Report Series no. 362; FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series no. 41)Google Scholar
5
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Composition of butters on sale in Britain
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Composition of butters on sale in Britain
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Composition of butters on sale in Britain
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *