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59473 Clinical and demographic predictors of the need for pharmacotherapy in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 March 2021

Shawana Bibi
Affiliation:
Tufts Children’s Hospital
Janis Breeze
Affiliation:
Tufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute
Norma Terrin
Affiliation:
Tufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute
Jonathan Davis
Affiliation:
Tufts Children’s Hospital Tufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute
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Abstract

ABSTRACT IMPACT: This work has the potential to help clinicians decide which infants exposed to in utero opioids, will need to be treated early or can be discharged home early based on their risk, thus reducing prolonged hospitalization OBJECTIVES/GOALS: To develop and validate a prediction model with inclusion of clinical and demographic risk factors to identify infants with NAS likely to need pharmacotherapy. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: A pooled cohort of 761 infants from 5 different studies including 2 trials and 3 observational cohorts will be used to develop the model.

All infants >than or equal to 37 weeks gestational age born to mothers with history of OUD will be included. Infants with congenital disorders and severe medical and surgical illnesses will be excluded. Multivariable mixed effects logistic regression modeling will be performed to predict the need for pharmacologic treatment for NAS. Candidate variables will be included based on clinical knowledge and previously published data. Model performance will be evaluated by measuring discrimination using Area Under the Curve (AUC) statistics and calibration. Model will be internally validated using boot strap validation. RESULTS/ANTICIPATED RESULTS: Pending data analysis DISCUSSION/SIGNIFICANCE OF FINDINGS: Opioid Use Disorder in pregnancy has resulted in concurrent rise in NAS incidence. NAS affects opioid exposed infants variably and accurate prediction of its severity and need for treatment remains elusive. Known clinical and demographic factors can predict the need for NAS therapy in opioid exposed infants, aiding clinical decision making.

Type
Translational Science, Policy, & Health Outcomes Science
Creative Commons
Creative Common License - CCCreative Common License - BY
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Copyright
© The Association for Clinical and Translational Science 2021
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59473 Clinical and demographic predictors of the need for pharmacotherapy in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS)
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