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174 Developing Strategies to Address Health Disparities For First Generation Regenerative Medicine Treatments

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 April 2022

Mohamed Addani
Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
Zubin Master
Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
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OBJECTIVES/GOALS: The objective of this research is to begin documenting barriers to regenerative care to proactively address issues of accessibility and determine and implement interventions in anticipation of equitable care. We will explore the accessibility of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (Knee OA) METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: This research has two components. First, retrospective chart analysis using electronic databases to gather factors such as sex, race, ethnicity, disease severity, price, insurance, and treatments. Second. Prospective survey to gather the information (income, employment, education level) that are not found in the chart. Patients with knee OA conditions who received standard care will be compared to knee OA patients who received the novel PRP treatment. Statistical prediction modeling will be employed to determine the probability of receiving novel regenerative PRP treatment based on gathered explanatory variables. Our sample size is about 1000 patients per group (PRP group vs standard care group). Patients are from the three Mayo sites (Rochester, Arizona, Florida) as well as Detroit Medical Center. RESULTS/ANTICIPATED RESULTS: Our preliminary analysis shows that only a homogenous of patients (white) are receiving the novel PRP regenerative care to treat knee OA even though African Americans suffer from knee OA at a much greater rate. However, we still don’t know what is the main driver of this homogeneity. We anticipate that insurance coverage and out-of-pocket cost of care for PRP to be a huge barrier. Also, we are anticipating the lack of knowledge about PRP and its level 1 meta-analysis efficacy, as well as physician bias for not recommending PRP to certain underrepresented populations could play a role as well. We plan to order the level of influence of each barrier for each sex, race, and ethnicity, so intervention can be personalized and targeted for each population of interest. DISCUSSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Almost half of Americans live with at least one chronic medical condition and regenerative medicine holds tremendous promise to address many disease categories. To design any intervention to increase access requires knowledge about barriers in regenerative care, which is why this research is very critical now before the wide implementation of care.

Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
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© The Author(s), 2022. The Association for Clinical and Translational Science