Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-2bgxn Total loading time: 0.223 Render date: 2022-12-03T05:54:45.446Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Preschoolers' communication during scripted interactions

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 June 1997

KATHERINE J. SHORT-MEYERSON
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin–Madison
LEONARD J. ABBEDUTO
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin–Madison

Abstract

The communicative interactions of 15 dyads of four- to five-year-olds during pretend play involving routine, or scripted, events were investigated as a function of the children's knowledge of the scripts. Measures of the quantity and quality of interaction and the strategies that the children used to establish mutual knowledge (i.e. assess and adapt to their discourse partner's level of expertise), which is essential to good communication, were examined. Each dyad participated in a MATCHED condition (both members had extensive knowledge of the script) and a MISMATCHED condition (one member had extensive script knowledge and the other did not). Shared script knowledge facilitated communicative interactions, as indicated by more topic maintenance and fewer requests for clarification in the matched condition than in the mismatched condition. The children attempted to establish mutual knowledge more frequently in the mismatched condition than in the matched condition and, moreover, mutual knowledge establishment was related to the children's communicative effectiveness.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 1997 Cambridge University Press

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

This research was supported by grant HD24356 from NICHD to L. Abbeduto and a Special Grant Award to K. Short-Meyerson from the Friends of the Waisman Center. The research is based on a thesis submitted by the first author in partial fulfillment of the requirements for an M.S. in Educational Psychology from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. The authors are grateful to Dr Robin Chapman and Dr Deborah Lowe Vandell for serving as members of the thesis committee, Dorothy Ross for assistance with data coding, and Dr Joel Levin and Dr Doris Kistler for their advice on the statistical analyses. The authors also thank Dr Glenis Benson and Joanna Dolish for their suggestions on an earlier version of this paper. In addition, the co-operation of the children, as well as their parents and their teachers, and the adults who participated in this study is gratefully acknowledged. Portions of this research were presented at the 1994 American Psychological Association Conference, Los Angeles, California, USA.
16
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Preschoolers' communication during scripted interactions
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Preschoolers' communication during scripted interactions
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Preschoolers' communication during scripted interactions
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *