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Attempted sounds are sometimes not: an expanded view of phonological selection and avoidance*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 February 2009

Richard G. Schwartz*
Affiliation:
Purdue University
Laurence B. Leonard
Affiliation:
Purdue University
Diane M. Frome Loeb
Affiliation:
Purdue University
Lori A. Swanson
Affiliation:
Purdue University
*
Audiology and Speech Sciences, Heavilon Hall, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.

Abstract

Young children readily acquire new words with consonants and syllable structures already used accurately (IN words). They have more difficulty acquiring new words with consonants or syllable structures never before produced or attempted (OUT words). In the present study, we examined children's acquisition of a third type of word, containing consonants the children had attempted in the past but never produced accurately (ATTEMPTED words). IN, OUT and ATTEMPTED words and their object referents were presented to 11 young children in a series of play sessions. The children's production and comprehension of the words were then assessed. No comprehension differences among the three types of words were observed. However, ATTEMPTED words as well as OUT words were less likely to be acquired in production than IN words. Some revisions in models of child phonology are proposed to accommodate these findings.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1987

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Footnotes

*

This research was supported by Grant No. NS22395 from the Public Health Service. We wish to thank the children who participated, their parents and Kathleen Sullivan for their assistance with this project.

References

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Leonard, L. B., Schwartz, R. G., Morris, B. & Chapman, K. (1981). Factors influencing early lexical acquisition: lexical orientation and phonological composition. Child Development 51. 882–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Menn, L. (1976). Pattern, control, and contrast in beginning speech: a case study in the development of word form and word function. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Illinois.Google Scholar
Schwartz, R. G. & Leonard, L. B. (1982). Do children pick and choose: an examination of phonological selection and avoidance in early lexical acquisition. Journal of Child Language 9. 319–36.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tversky, A. & Hutchinson, J. (1986). Nearest neighbor analysis of psychological spaces. Psychological Review 93. 322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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