Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-8bbf57454-s7xmh Total loading time: 0.302 Render date: 2022-01-26T05:13:11.345Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Analysis of pronominal errors: a case-study*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 February 2009

Yuriko Oshima-Takane*
Affiliation:
McGill University
*
Department of Psychology, McGill University, 1205 Dr Penfield Avenue, Montreal, P.Q., CanadaH3A 1B1.

Abstract

The present paper reports a case-study of a normally developing boy who made pronominal errors for about ten months. Comprehension and production of first- and second-person pronouns were longitudinally examined from 1; 7 to 2; 10 to test three hypotheses concerning pronominal errors: pronominal errors are a result of either (a) semantic confusion, (b) simple imitation, or (c) confusion between self and others. The results showed that the child began using first- and second-person pronouns at about 1; 8 and mastered the correct usage by 2; 10. Consistent errors for the first- and the second-person pronouns were observed from 1; 11 to 2; 4, but proportions of errors occurring in his imitative language were low. The comprehension and production data clearly indicated that the child persistently made pronominal errors due to semantic confusion. That is, first-person pronouns referred to a person with whom the child conversed and second-person pronouns referred to himself.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1992

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

*

This research was supported by a Doctoral fellowship from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada to Yuriko Oshima-Takane, by a McGill University Social Sciences Research Grant to John Macnamara, and by grant No. A6394 from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada to Yoshio Takane. Preparation of this paper was also supported by a Canada Research Fellowship from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada to Yuriko Oshima-Takane. A portion of this paper was presented at the 10th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development, Boston, 1985. I thank John Macnamara, Thomas Shultz, Andrew Baker, Elizabeth Cole, Susanne McKenzie and Yoshio Takane for their valuable comments, Christine Liao for her assistance in collecting data, and Anne Marie Horch and Orit Isehayek for their assistance in transcribing audiotapes. Finally, I thank David, his mother and babysitter for their co-operation in this study.

References

Anderson, E. S., Dunlea, A. & Kekelis, L. S. (1983). Blind children's language: resolving some differences. Journal of Child Language 11, 645–64.Google Scholar
Bain, R. (1936). The self- and other- words of a child. American Journal of Sociology 41, 767–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bartak, L. & Rutter, M. (1974). Use of personal pronouns by autistic children. Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia 4, 217–22.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bettleheim, B. (1967). The empty fortress: infantile autism and the birth of the self. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
Bloom, L., Hood, L. & Lightbown, P. (1974). Imitation in language development: if, when and why. Cognitive Psychology 6, 380420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bloom, L. & Lahey, M. (1978). Language development and language disorders. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
Brown, R. (1973). A first language: the early stages. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Charney, R. (1980 a). Speech roles and the development of personal pronouns. Journal of Child Language 7, 509–28.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Charney, R. (1980 b). Pronoun errors in autistic children: support for a social explanation. British Journal of Disorders of Communication 15, 3943.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chiat, S. (1981). Context-specificity and generalization in the acquisition of pronoun distinctions. Journal of Child Language 8, 7591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chiat, S. (1982). If I were you and you were me: the analysis of pronouns in a pronoun-reversing child. Journal of Child Language 9, 359–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chiat, S. (1986). Personal pronouns. In Fletcher, P. & Garman, M. (eds), Language acquisition: studies in first language development. Cambridge: C.U.P.Google Scholar
Clark, E. V. (1978). From gesture to word: on the natural history of deixis in language acquisition. In Bruner, J. S. & Garton, A. (eds), Human growth and development: Wolfson College lectures, 1976. Oxford: O.U.P.Google Scholar
Clark, R. (1974). Performing without competence. Journal of Child Language 1, 110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cooley, C. H. (1908). A study of the early use of self-words by a child. Psychological Review 15, 339–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fay, W. (1971). On normal and autistic pronouns. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders 36, 242–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fay, W. (1979). Personal pronouns and the autistic child. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9, 247–60.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fay, W. H. & Shuler, A. L. (1980). Emerging language in autistic children. Baltimore: University Park Press.Google Scholar
Fraiberg, S. & Adelson, E. (1973). Self-representation in language and play: observations of blind children. Psychoanalytic Quarterly 42, 539–62.Google ScholarPubMed
Macnamara, J. (1986). A border dispute: the place of logic in psychology. Cambridge, MA: Bradford/MIT Press.Google Scholar
Miller, J. F. (1981). Assessing language production in children. Baltimore: University Park Press.Google Scholar
Oshima-Takane, Y. (1985). The learning of pronouns. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, McGill University.Google Scholar
Oshima-Takane, Y. (1988). Children learn from speech not addressed to them: the case of personal pronouns. Journal of Child Language 15, 95108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Oshima-Takane, Y. & Benaroya, S. (1989). An alternative view of pronominal errors in autistic children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 19, 7385.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schiff-Myers, N. (1983). From pronoun reversals to correct pronoun usage: a case study of a normally developing child. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders 48, 385–94.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sharpless, E. (1974). Children's acquisition of personal pronouns. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University.Google Scholar
Simon, N. (1975). Echolalic speech in childhood autism: consideration of possible underlying loci of brain damage. Archives of General Psychiatry 32, 1439–46.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Strayer, J. (1977). The development of personal reference in the language of two-year-olds. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Simon Fraser University.Google Scholar
33
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Analysis of pronominal errors: a case-study*
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Analysis of pronominal errors: a case-study*
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Analysis of pronominal errors: a case-study*
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *