Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-mm7gn Total loading time: 0.229 Render date: 2022-08-14T01:31:04.240Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

The acquisition of past tense morphology in Icelandic and Norwegian children: an experimental study

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 October 1999

HRAFNHILDUR RAGNARSDÓTTIR
Affiliation:
Iceland University of Education
HANNE GRAM SIMONSEN
Affiliation:
University of Oslo
KIM PLUNKETT
Affiliation:
Oxford University

Abstract

Icelandic and Norwegian past tense morphology contain strong patterns of inflection and two weak patterns of inflection. We report the results of an elicitation task that tests Icelandic and Norwegian children's knowledge of the past tense forms of a representative sample of verbs. This cross-sectional study of four-, six- and eight-year-old Icelandic (n=92) and Norwegian (n=96) children systematically manipulates verb characteristics such as type frequency, token frequency and phonological coherence – factors that are generally considered to have an important impact on the acquisition of inflectional morphology in other languages. Our findings confirm that these factors play an important role in the acquisition of Icelandic and Norwegian. In addition, the results indicate that the predominant source of errors in children shifts during the later stages of development from one weak verb class to the other. We conclude that these findings are consistent with the view that exemplar-based learning, whereby patterns of categorization and generalization are driven by similarity to known forms, appropriately characterizes the acquisition of inflectional systems by Icelandic and Norwegian children.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 1999 Cambridge University Press

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

This work was supported by NOS-H, The Icelandic Research Council, The Iceland University of Education Research Centre (Hrafnhildur Ragnarsdóttir), the Oceania Group, Department of Linguistics, University of Oslo (Hanne Gram Simonsen) and the Economic and Social Research Council, UK (Kim Plunkett). We wish to thank Kirsten Meyer Bjerkan, Heiđrún Kristjánsdóttir and Helga Jónsdóttir for assistance in carrying out the testing, and Michael Thomas, Graham Schafer, and Amalia Björnsdóttir for carrying out the statistical analyses. We also thank two anonymous reviewers for their helpful commentaries on this research.
43
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The acquisition of past tense morphology in Icelandic and Norwegian children: an experimental study
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

The acquisition of past tense morphology in Icelandic and Norwegian children: an experimental study
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

The acquisition of past tense morphology in Icelandic and Norwegian children: an experimental study
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *