Hostname: page-component-758b78586c-t6tmf Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-11-29T18:13:50.591Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "corePageComponentGetUserInfoFromSharedSession": true, "coreDisableEcommerce": false, "useRatesEcommerce": true } hasContentIssue false

Estimates of metabolic adaptation in women living in developing countries: technical limitations

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 July 2008

C. J. K. Henry
Affiliation:
School of Biological and Molecular Sciences, Oxford Polytechnic, and Centre for Human Nutrition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Summary

The measurement of food intake has long been used to describe ‘adaptation’ to low energy intakes in certain tropical peoples. However, the methods available to quantify food intake are unlikely to reflect accurately real energy intakes in free living peoples. Alternatively, estimating energy expenditure shows some promise—particularly the measurement of basal metabolic rate (BMR). The BMR may be measured effectively in males, but females show wide intra-individual variation in BMR during their menstrual cycle, which makes BMR measurements more difficult to interpret in the context of adaptation. The use of double-labelled water may be the only method suitable to quantify and define ‘adaptation’ to low intakes in women.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1992

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Benedict, F. G. (1919) A Study of Prolonged Fasting. Publication No. 203, Carnegie Institute of Washington, Boston.Google Scholar
Durnin, J. V. G. A. (1979) Energy balance in man with particular reference to low intakes. Bibl. Nutr. Dieta. 27, 1.Google Scholar
FAO/WHO (1973) Expert Committee on Energy and Protein Requirements. FAO Nutrition Report Series No. 52, FAO, Rome.Google Scholar
FAO/WHO/UNU (1985) Energy and protein requirements. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation. Tech. Rep. Ser. Wld Hlth Org. 724.Google Scholar
Henry, C. J. K., Hayter, J. & Rees, D. G. (1989) The constancy of basal metabolic rate in free living subjects. Eur. J. clin. Nutr. 43, 727.Google Scholar
Henry, C. J. K. & Rees, D. G. (1991) New predictive equations for the estimation of basal metabolic rate in tropical peoples. Eur. J. clin. Nutr. 45, 177.Google Scholar
James, W. P. T. & Shetty, P. S. (1982) Metabolic adaptation and energy requirements in developing countries. Hum. Nutr. Clin. Nutr. 36C, 331.Google Scholar
Keys, A., Brozek, J., Henschel, A., Mickelsen, O., Taylor, H. L. (1950) Biology of Human Starvation. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.Google Scholar
Kleitman, N. (1926) Basal metabolic rate in starvation. Am. J. Physiol. 77, 233.Google Scholar
Marr, J. (1971) Individual dietary surveys: purposes and methods. Wld Rev. Nutr. Diet. 13, 105.Google Scholar
Miller, D. S. & Payne, D. R. (1959) A ballistic bomb calorimeter. Br. J. Nutr. 13, 501.Google Scholar
Schofield, W., Schofield, E. D. & James, W. P. T. (1985) Predicting basal metabolic rate, new standards and review of previous work. Hum. Nutr. Clin. Nutr. 39C (Suppl.), 5.Google Scholar
Takahira, H. (1925) Report from the Metabolic Laboratory, p. 63. Imperial Government Institute for Nutrition, Tokyo.Google Scholar
Waterlow, J. C. (1986) Metabolic adaptation to low intakes of energy and protein. Ann. Rev. Nutr. 6, 4.Google Scholar