Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5c569c448b-4wdfl Total loading time: 0.384 Render date: 2022-07-02T17:30:49.752Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Changes in the adiposity level and prevalence of overweight/obesity among children from Kraków (Poland) within the last decade (from 2010 to 2020)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 April 2022

Łukasz Kryst*
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Physical Education in Kraków, Poland
Magdalena Żegleń
Affiliation:
Pain Research Group, Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland
Julia Badzińska
Affiliation:
Pain Research Group, Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland
Małgorzata Kowal
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Physical Education in Kraków, Poland
Agnieszka Woronkowicz
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Physical Education in Kraków, Poland
*
*Corresponding author: Email: lkryst@poczta.onet.pl

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the changes in the prevalence of overweight, obesity and high adiposity in children and adolescents from Krakow (Poland), between the years 2010 and 2020. Two cross-sectional series of anthropometric measurements were carried out in 2010 and 2020. Analysed characteristics included: body height and weight, BMI (Body Mass Index), body adiposity (%BF). The subjects were categorised according to their BMI (underweight, normal weight, overweight, obesity), as well as %BF (low, normal, high body fat).The research was conducted in randomly selected primary schools in Krakow (Poland). Studied cohorts (8-15 years of age), which represented four of the traditional residential districts: Śródmieście, Podgórze, Krowodrza and Nowa Huta. Among the girls, there was a negative secular trend regarding the prevalence of underweight and obesity. On the other hand, there also was a positive trend concerning the prevalence of overweight and low and high body fat. In boys, there was a negative secular trend regarding the prevalence of underweight and low adiposity. There was also a generally positive secular trend regarding the prevalence of overweight, obesity as well as high adiposity in boys. The findings of this study are particularly significant because detailed knowledge of the prevalence of overweight/obesity in childhood and adolescence is crucial for the future health of entire populations. Further studies should also take into account the levels of physical fitness and activity of the examined population.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC) (2017) Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128 million children, adolescents, and adults. The Lancet 390, 26272642. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32129-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bygdell, M, Ohlsson, C, Célind, J, Saternus, J, Sondén, A & Kindblom, JM (2017) The rise and the recent decline of childhood obesity in Swedish boys: The BEST cohort. International Journal of Obesity 41(5), 807813. https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2017.23 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cole, TJ, Bellizzi, MC, Flegal, KM & Dietz, WH (2000) Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ 320(7244), 12401243. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.320.7244.1240 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cole, TJ, Flegal, KM, Nicholls, D & Jackson, AA (2007) Body mass index cut offs to define thinness in children and adolescents: international survey. BMJ 335(7612), 194. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.39238.399444.55 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Colmenares, A, Gunczler, P & Lanes, R (2014) Higher prevalence of obesity and overweight without an adverse metabolic profile in girls with central precocious puberty compared to girls with early puberty, regardless of GnRH analogue treatment. International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2014(1), 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/1687-9856-2014-5 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Costa de Miranda, R, Di Renzo, L, Cupertino, V, Romano, L, De Lorenzo, A, Salimei, C & De Lorenzo, A (2019) Secular trend of childhood nutritional status in Calabria (Italy) and the United States: the spread of obesity. Nutrition Research 62, 2331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2018.10.008 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
de Onis, M, Blössner, M & Borghi, E (2010) Global prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity among preschool children. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 92 (5), 12571264. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2010.29786 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dietz, WH (1998) Health consequences of obesity in youth: childhood predictors of adult disease. Pediatrics 101(3 Pt 2), 518525. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12224658 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dong, Y, Ma, J, Song, Y, Ma, Y, Dong, B, Zou, Z & Prochaska, JJ (2018) Secular trends in blood pressure and overweight and obesity in Chinese boys and girls aged 7 to 17 years from 1995 to 2014. Hypertension 72(2), 298305. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.118.11291 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Durda-Masny, M, Hanć, T, Czapla, Z & Szwed, A (2019) BMI at menarche and timing of growth spurt and puberty in Polish girls – longitudinal study. Anthropologischer Anzeiger 76(1), 3747. https://doi.org/10.1127/anthranz/2019/0920 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Epstein, LH (1996) Family-based behavioural intervention for obese children. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 20 Suppl 1, S14-21. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8646260 Google ScholarPubMed
Eveleth, PB & Tanner, JM (1976) Worldwide variation in human growth (8th ed.). CUP Archive.Google Scholar
Główny Urząd Statystyczny (2018) 100 lat Polski w liczbach, 1918-2018. Google Scholar
Godina, EZ, Khomyakova, IA& Zadorozhnaya, LV (2016) Secular changes in body dimensions and sexual maturation in children of Arkhangelsk city. Anthropologischer Anzeiger 73(1), 4559. https://doi.org/10.1127/anthranz/2015/0599 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gupta, DK, Shah, P, Misra, A, Bharadwaj, S, Gulati, S, Gupta, N, Sharma, R, Pandey, RM & Goel, K (2011) Secular Trends in Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity from 2006 to 2009 in Urban Asian Indian Adolescents Aged 14-17 Years. PLoS ONE 6(2), e17221. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0017221 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hales, CM, Carroll, MD, Fryar, CD & Ogden, CL (2017) Prevalence of Obesity Among Adults and Youth: United States, 2015-2016. NCHS Data Brief 288, 18. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29155689 Google Scholar
Ho, N-T-V S, Olds, T, Schranz, N & Maher, C (2017) Secular trends in the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity across Australian states: A meta-analysis. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 20(5), 480488. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2016.09.014 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Huang, A, Reinehr, T & Roth, CL (2020) Connections between obesity and puberty. Current Opinion in Endocrine and Metabolic Research 14, 160168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coemr.2020.08.004 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Johansson, L, Brissman, M, Morinder, G, Westerståhl, M & Marcus, C (2020) Reference values and secular trends for cardiorespiratory fitness in children and adolescents with obesity. Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics 109(8), 16651671. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.15163 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Johnson, W, Norris, T & Hamer, M (2020) Secular changes in mid-adulthood body mass index, waist circumference, and low HDL cholesterol between 1990, 2003, and 2018 in Great Britain. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-020-00758-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kalies, H, Lenz, J & von Kries, R (2002) Prevalence of overweight and obesity and trends in body mass index in German pre-school children, 1982–1997. International Journal of Obesity 26(9), 12111217. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0802013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, JH & Moon, JS (2020) Secular Trends in Pediatric Overweight and Obesity in Korea. Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome 29(1), 1217. https://doi.org/10.7570/jomes20002 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Komlos, J & Baten, J (2004) Looking Backward and Looking Forward: Anthropometric Research and the Development of Social Science History. Social Science History 28(2), 191210. https://doi.org/10.1215/01455532-28-2-191 Google Scholar
Kowal, M, Kryst, Ł, Sobiecki, J & Woronkowicz, A (2013) Secular trends in body composition and frequency of overweight and obesity in boys aged 3–18 from Krakow, Poland, within the last 30 years (from 1983 to 2010). Journal of Biosocial Science 45, 111134. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021932012000284 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kowal, M, Kryst, Ł, Woronkowicz, A, Brudecki, J & Sobiecki, J (2015) Time trends in BMI, body fatness, and adiposity rebound among boys from Kraków (Poland) from 1983 to 2010. American Journal of Human Biology 27(5), 646653. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.22704 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kowal, M, Kryst, Ł, Woronkowicz, A & Sobiecki, J (2014) Long-term changes in body composition and prevalence of overweight and obesity in girls (aged 3-18 years) from Kraków (Poland) from 1983, 2000 and 2010. Annals of Human Biology 41(5), 415427. https://doi.org/10.3109/03014460.2013.878394 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kryst, Ł, Kowal, M, Woronkowicz, A, Sobiecki, J & Cichocka, BA (2012) secular changes in height, body weight, body mass index and pubertal development in male children and adolescents in Krakow, Poland. Journal of Biosocial Science 44(04), 495507. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021932011000721 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kryst, Ł, Woronkowicz, A, Kowal, M & Sobiecki, J (2018) Long-term changes in fat distribution in children and adolescents aged 3-18 from Krakow (Poland), within the last 30 years (from 1983 to 2010). Anthropological Rreview 81(2), 146157. https://doi.org/10.2478/anre-2018-0013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kułaga, Z, Grajda, A, Gurzkowska, B, Wojtyło, M, Góźdź, M & Litwin, M (2016) The prevalence of overweight and obesity among Polish school-aged children and adolescents. Epidemiological Review 70(4), 641651.Google ScholarPubMed
Marques-Vidal, P, Madeleine, G, Romain, S, Gabriel, A & Bovet, P (2008) Secular trends in height and weight among children and adolescents of the Seychelles, 1956–2006. BMC Public Health 8(1), 166. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-166 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ministry of Health (2016) Narodowy Program Zdrowia. https://www.gov.pl/web/zdrowie/narodowy-program-zdrowia1 Google Scholar
Miqueleiz, E, Lostao, L & Regidor, E (2016) Stabilisation of the trend in prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity in Spain: 2001-11. European Journal of Public Health 26(6), 960963. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckw087 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
de Sanidad, Ministerio (2016) Estudio ALADINO 2015. Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad. https://www.aesan.gob.es/AECOSAN/docs/documentos/nutricion/observatorio/Estudio_ALADINO_2015.pdf Google Scholar
Ng, M, Fleming, T, Robinson, M, Thomson, B, Graetz, N, Margono, C, Mullany, EC, Biryukov, S, Abbafati, C, Abera, SF, Abraham, JP, Abu-Rmeileh, NME, Achoki, T, Albuhairan, FS, Alemu, ZA, Alfonso, R, Ali, MK, Ali, R, Guzman, NA, … Gakidou, E (2014) Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. The Lancet 384(9945), 766781. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60460-8 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pastor-Fajardo, MT, Bosch-Giménez, VM, Larqué, E, Solano Navarro, C, Fuentes-Castelló, & Pastor-Rosado, J (2020) Prevalence and secular trend of childhood overweight and obesity in a Mediterranean area of Southeast Spain. Child and Adolescent Obesity 3(1), 136149. https://doi.org/10.1080/2574254x.2020.1784640 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pavlica, TM, Rakić, RS, Popović, BK, Puškaš, VP & Božić-Krstić, VS (2018) Secular trends in height and weight among children from Novi Sad (Serbia), 1971-2017. Journal of the Anthropological Society of Serbia Niš53(05). https://doi.org/10.5937/gads53-18722 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Perkins, J M, Subramanian, SV, Smith, GD & Zaltin, EO (2016) Adult height, nutrition, and population health. Nutrition Reviews 74(3), 149165. https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuv105 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Piekorz, Z, Lewandowski, A, Goch, A, Radzimińska, A, Strojek, K, Bułatowicz, I, Siedlaczek, M & Zukow, W (2016)Nadwaga a poziom gibkości dzieci szkolnych – raport z badań = Obesity and the level of flexibility in primary school pupils – a research report. Journal of Education, Health and Sport 6(9), 451459. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.154197 Google Scholar
Ramiro-González, MD, Sanz-Barbero, B & Royo-Bordonada, (2017) Exceso de peso infantil en España 2006-2012. Determinantes y error de percepción parental. Revista Espanola de Cardiologia 70(8), 656663. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.recesp.2016.11.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ryu, S, Frith, E, Pedisic, Z, Kang, M & Loprinzi, PD (2019) Secular trends in the association between obesity and hypertension among adults in the United States, 1999–2014. European Journal of Internal Medicine 62, 3742. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2019.02.012 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Saczuk, J, Wasiluk, A & Wilczewski, A (2018) Body height and age at menarche of girls from eastern Poland in the period of political transformation. Anthropological Review 81(2), 130145. https://doi.org/10.2478/anre-2018-0010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Salanave, B, Peneau, S, Rolland-Cachera, MF, Hercberg, S & Castetbon, K (2009) Stabilization of overweight prevalence in French children between 2000 and 2007. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity 4(2), 6672. https://doi.org/10.1080/17477160902811207 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Salcedo, V, Gutiérrez-Fisac, JL, Guallar-Castillón, P & Rodríguez-Artalejo, F (2010) Trends in overweight and misperceived overweight in Spain from 1987 to 2007. International Journal of Obesity 34(12), 17591765. https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2010.96 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Shirasawa, T, Ochiai, H, Nanri, H, Nishimura, R, Ohtsu, T, Hoshino, H, Tajima, N & Kokaze, A (2015) Trends of Underweight and Overweight/Obesity Among Japanese Schoolchildren From 2003 to 2012, Defined by Body Mass Index and Percentage Overweight Cutoffs. Journal of epidemiology 25(7), 482488. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.JE20140144 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Skinner, AC, Perrin, EM& Skelton, JA (2016) Prevalence of obesity and severe obesity in US children, 1999-2014. Obesity 24(5), 11161123. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21497 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Spinelli, A & Nardone, P (2018) WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative: overweight and obesity among 6-9-year-old children.: Report of the third round of data collection 2012-2013. https://moh-it.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/who-european-childhood-obesity-surveillance-initiative-overweight Google Scholar
Vijayakumar, P, Wheelock, KM, Kobes, S, Nelson, RG, Hanson, RL, Knowler, WC & Sinha, M (2018) Secular changes in physical growth and obesity among southwestern American Indian children over four decades. Pediatric Obesity 13(2), 94102. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijpo.12199 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wedderkopp, N, Froberg, K, Hansen, HS& Andersen, LB (2004) Secular trends in physical fitness and obesity in Danish 9-year-old girls and boys: Odense School Child Study and Danish substudy of the European Youth Heart Study. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 14(3), 150155. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2004.00365.x CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
WHO (2017) WHO | Childhood overweight and obesity. WHO. http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/childhood/en/ Google Scholar
Wijnhoven, T M, Van Raaij, JM, Spinelli, A, Starc, G, Hassapidou, M, Spiroski, I, Rutter, H, Martos, É, Rito, AI, Hovengen, R, Pérez-Farinós, N, Petrauskiene, A, Eldin, N, Braeckevelt, L, Pudule, I, Kunešová, M & Breda, J (2014) WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative: Body mass index and level of overweight among 6-9-year-old children from school year 2007/2008 to school year 2009/2010. BMC Public Health 14(1), 116. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-806 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Xiao, Y, Qiao, Y, Pan, L, Liu, J, Zhang, T, Li, N, Liu, E, Wang, Y, Liu, H, Liu, G, Huang, G & Hu, G (2015) Trends in the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Chinese Preschool Children from. PLoS ONE 10(8), 134466. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0134466 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Żegleń, M, Kryst, Ł, Kowal, M & Woronkowicz, A (2020) Changes in physical fitness among preschool children from Kraków (Poland) from 2008 to 2018. Journal of Physical Activity and Health 17(10), 987994. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2020-0199 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Żegleń, M, Kryst, Ł, Kowal, M, Woronkowicz, A & Sobiecki, J (2019) Changes in the prevalence of overweight/obesity and adiposity among pre-school children in Kraków, Poland, from 2008 to 2018. Journal of Biosocial Science. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021932019000853 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Changes in the adiposity level and prevalence of overweight/obesity among children from Kraków (Poland) within the last decade (from 2010 to 2020)
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Changes in the adiposity level and prevalence of overweight/obesity among children from Kraków (Poland) within the last decade (from 2010 to 2020)
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Changes in the adiposity level and prevalence of overweight/obesity among children from Kraków (Poland) within the last decade (from 2010 to 2020)
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *