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Factors affecting growth and yield of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus), 1985–89

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 March 2009

J. E. Leach
Affiliation:
AFRC Institute of Arable Crops Research, Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK
R. J. Darby
Affiliation:
AFRC Institute of Arable Crops Research, Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK
I. H. Williams
Affiliation:
AFRC Institute of Arable Crops Research, Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK
B. D. L. Fitt
Affiliation:
AFRC Institute of Arable Crops Research, Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK
C. J. Rawlinson
Affiliation:
AFRC Institute of Arable Crops Research, Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK

Summary

Effects of agronomic factors on yield of winter oilseed rape were examined in multifactorial experiments, with a single-low (low erucic acid, high glucosinolate) cultivar (Bienvenu) in 1984/85 to 1987/88 and a double-low (low erucic acid, low glucosinolate) cultivar (Ariana) in 1986/87 to 1988/89. Establishment of September-sown plots was better than that of August-sown plots in 1984, 1987 and 1988, but not in 1985 when September was very dry. The total dry matter (DM) (kg/ha) of August-sown plots was much greater than that of September-sown plots throughout autumn and winter but by harvest the plant DM of late-sown plots was slightly greater. Combine-harvested yields of late-sown plots were greater than those of early-sown plots in 1984/85 (cv. Bienvenu) but not in 1988/89 (cv. Ariana); effects of sowing date on yields were smaller in other seasons, although late-sown plots generally had larger yields. Insecticide treatments increased combine-harvested yields in 1987/88 (cv. Bienvenu) and 1988/89 (cv. Ariana) and increased hand-harvested yields in 1984/85, by increasing the number of plants/m2. Fungicide spray treatments increased yields in all years except 1989, by increasing 1000-seed weights. Application of growth regulator sprays increased yields in 1986/87 to 1988/89; effects on cv. Ariana were associated with increased numbers of pods/plant. There were no consistent effects of spring nitrogen rates or timing on yield or yield components.

Type
Crops and Soils
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1994

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References

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