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Comparison of crop yield and solar thermal utilization among different rice–wheat cropping systems

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 November 2022

Z. P. Xing
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Crop Cultivation and Physiology, Jiangsu Co-Innovation Centre for Modern Production Technology of Grain Crops, Jiangsu Industrial Engineering Research Centre of High-Quality Japonica Rice, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
Z. C. Huang
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Crop Cultivation and Physiology, Jiangsu Co-Innovation Centre for Modern Production Technology of Grain Crops, Jiangsu Industrial Engineering Research Centre of High-Quality Japonica Rice, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
Y. Yao
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Crop Cultivation and Physiology, Jiangsu Co-Innovation Centre for Modern Production Technology of Grain Crops, Jiangsu Industrial Engineering Research Centre of High-Quality Japonica Rice, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
Y. J. Hu
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Crop Cultivation and Physiology, Jiangsu Co-Innovation Centre for Modern Production Technology of Grain Crops, Jiangsu Industrial Engineering Research Centre of High-Quality Japonica Rice, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
B. W. Guo
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Crop Cultivation and Physiology, Jiangsu Co-Innovation Centre for Modern Production Technology of Grain Crops, Jiangsu Industrial Engineering Research Centre of High-Quality Japonica Rice, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
H. C. Zhang*
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Crop Cultivation and Physiology, Jiangsu Co-Innovation Centre for Modern Production Technology of Grain Crops, Jiangsu Industrial Engineering Research Centre of High-Quality Japonica Rice, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
*
Author for correspondence: H. C. Zhang, E-mail: hczhang@yzu.edu.cn

Abstract

Planting patterns have significant effects on rice growth. Nonetheless, little is known about differences in annual crop yield and resource utilization among mechanized rice planting patterns in a rice–wheat cropping system. Field experiments were conducted from 2014 to 2017 using three treatments: pot seedling transplanting for rice and row sowing for wheat (PST-RS), carpet seedling transplanting for rice and row sowing for wheat (CST-RS) and row sowing for both crops (RS-RS). The results showed that, compared with RS-RS, PST-RS and CST-RS prolonged annual crop growth duration by 25–26 and 13–15 days, increased effective accumulated temperature by 399 and 212°C days and increased cumulative solar radiation by 454 and 228 MJ/m2 because of the earlier sowing of rice by 28 and 16 days in PST-RS and CST-RS, respectively. Compared with RS-RS, the annual crop yield of PST-RS and CST-RS increased by 3.1–3.8 and 2.0–2.6 t/ha, respectively, because of the increase in the number of spikelets/kernels per hectare, aboveground biomass, mean leaf area index and grain–leaf ratio. In addition, temperature production efficiency, solar radiation production efficiency and solar radiation use efficiency were higher in PST-RS, followed by CST-RS and RS-RS. These results suggest that mechanized rice planting patterns such as PST-RS increase annual crop production in rice–wheat cropping systems by increasing yield and solar energy utilization.

Type
Crops and Soils Research Paper
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press

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