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Instructions for authors

Itinerario has, for many years, provided a platform for scholars researching the history of European expansion in the context of colonialism between c.1500 and 1950. Contributors are encouraged to take a global perspective and consider the international interaction of European countries from both a Western and non-Western viewpoint, analysing the impact of this interaction on World History in general.

Article types
Itinerario publishes research articles of up to 10,000 words in length. The Editors welcome submissions of original work that has not been previously published and is not under consideration elsewhere. Unsolicited book reviews are not accepted but enquiries regarding book reviews for commission are welcome.

Peer review policy
Itinerario adheres to a double-blind peer-reviewing policy for all articles, in which the identity of the reviewer and the author are always concealed from both parties. In order to facilitate this process, contributors are asked to ensure that their article manuscripts are anonymous, with any information that might directly identify the author removed to a separate covering note.

Submitting your manuscript
Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure that you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided below. Manuscripts should then be submitted through the journal's online submission system:

Any queries may be directed to, but please do not submit your manuscript by email.

Additional guidelines for article submission
In addition to the main text, each article submission will need to include:

  • A title that should not ideally exceed 20 words.
  • Figure and table captions and place markers, positioned appropriately within the body text and indicating whether they should appear as portrait or landscape.
  • A bibliography of work cited divided into unpublished primary sources, published primary sources and secondary sources.
  • Arabic numbered endnotes, double spaced.

A separate cover sheet should be provided which should include:

  • Contact details for the corresponding author, including email, postal address and telephone number. Please also provide the academic affiliations of all authors.
  • Any acknowledgements, whether personal or in reference to funding, that you would wish to appear in the final published article.

Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. A copy of the paperwork granting permission will be required should your article be accepted. Any permissions fees must be paid for by the author. For an example of a permissions request form please see the Cambridge Journals Artwork Guide.


First named authors of articles will receive a PDF of the final version upon publication.

Journal contributor’s publishing agreement

Contributors of accepted articles and reviews will be asked to sign a licence to publish with the Leiden Institute for History.

Further information

Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Editors at

Last updated February 2020

Text conventions 

Authors submitting work to Itinerario are advised to follow these guidelines as closely as possible to minimise editorial changes to their work and thus minimise the chance of introducing errors inadvertently into your writing. The guidelines are based on and are similar to the recommendations found in the internationally known and respected Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, and readers are encouraged to refer to that work should they require clarification.

Likewise, they can always address any particular questions to the editors at the address above.

Spelling Itinerario follows British rather than U.S. spelling rules: harbour, not harbor; grey, not gray. Authors using Microsoft Word can help themselves (and the editors) by setting the "language" preference to "English (UK)". Spell out numbers below one hundred, multiples of a hundred, a thousand, a hundred thousand or a million, and any number beginning a sentence. For other numbers—654, 1,283, 167,000—numerals are used. Itinerario style use commas to separate hundreds, thousands, and so on, and periods between whole and decimal numbers: 1,987.65.

Punctuation  In keeping with U.S. usage, double inverted commas are used for quotations and for titles of articles and book chapters. Quotations within quotations are indicated by single quotation marks. Periods and commas precede closing quotation marks, whether double or single.

Manuscript preparation Authors are asked to submit their manuscripts in the following format:

Font: Times or Times New Roman; 12 pt; double-spaced Alignment: flush left; first line indented one tab (1.27 cm or 1/2-inch)

Fonts: Roman, Italics, and Bold Section heads should be set bold. Italics are used for titles of books, foreign words and names of ships. When a word that would normally be set in italics occurs in the title of a book, set it in roman (reverse italics):

Gleicher, David. The Rescue of the Third Class on the Titanic: A Revisionist History. St. John’s, Newfoundland: International Maritime Economic History Association, 2006.

Capitalisation of titles English-language books, articles and journal titles are capitalised following the "headline" style: the first and last words of the titles are capitalised, as is the first word of a subtitle (following a colon) and all other words except articles, prepositions, to used as part of an infinitive, and coordinating conjunctions. The following are always lower-case (except in the first position): the, a, an, and, but, for, or and nor. Foreign-language titles are rendered "sentence style"—that is only the initial word and proper names are capitalised.

Abbreviations The following abbreviations should be used in the notes and bibliography. Plurals are formed by adding an ~s except as indicated.

compiler/~ed by
editor/~ed by
et alii (and others)
et al.
translator/~ed by
n. (nn.)
p. (pp.)
trans. (no plural)

Note that none of these abbreviations is set in italic.

Commonly recognised abbreviations for institutions and publications may be used in the notes and bibliography provided that a comprehensive list of abbreviations is provided at the start of the bibliography. These should be limited to abbreviations that are reasonably well known in the field—CO (Colonial Office), PRO (Public Record Office), JESHO (Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient), and so on. Commonly recognised and not easily confused abbreviations for journals—for instance JESHO and JMBRAS—may be used in the bibliography provided that the author spells these out in the list of abbreviations, where they should be italicised.

Bibliography In general the style followed is that found in the Chicago Manual of Style for humanities citations. In the bibliography, the surname of the author or editor precedes the first name when there is one author. When there is more than one author/editor, only the first name is inverted. If there are more than three authors/editors, give only the first name followed by a comma and et al. (set in roman).

List only the major and relevant place of publication: Lanham, Md.: University Press of America. Not: Lanham, Md., New York, Oxford: University Press of America.

When indicating U.S. states, use the spell out or use the standard abbreviation (Cap/lc, with periods), not the two letter postal abbreviation: Ala. (not AL) for Alabama.

Bibliography—book by single author:

Adas, M. Machines as the Measure of Men: Science, Technology, and Ideologies of Western Dominance. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989.

Indicate the number of volumes in a single-title multivolume work following the title or, in the case of a work that has both author and editor, after the editor’s name.

Goitein, S.D. A Mediterranean Society: The Jewish Communities of the World as Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza. 6 vols. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983-99.

Bibliography—chapter in a book:

Elisonas, Jurgis. "The Inseparable Trinity: Japan’s Relations with China and Korea." In The Cambridge History of Japan, vol. 4, Early Modern Japan, edited by John Whitney Hall, 235-300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

In this case, spell out edited by. If the chapter is from a multi-volume work, indicate the volume number in Arabic, not Roman, numerals, followed by a comma. If there is no volume number, simply give the page(s). Do not use p. or pp.

If a work is published in more than one volume but these are not titled individually, indicate the volume and pages as follows:

O’Connor, David. "The Social and Economic Organization of Ancient Egyptian Temples." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, edited by Jack M. Sasson, et al., vol. 1: 319-22. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1995.

Bibliography: Journal article

Kuitenbrouwer, M. "Het imperialisme-debat in de Nederlandse geschiedschrijving." Bijdragen en mededelingen betreffende de geschiedenis der Nederlanden 113:1 (1998): 56-73.

Issue numbers are not absolutely necessary, but when included they should bet separated from the volume number with a colon and no space.

For information on pagination, see below.

Endnotes Itinerario publishes notes at the end of articles. To conserve space and preserve readability, use short-form references only in the notes: the author’s last name, a short version of the title (if the full title is long), and the page number(s). NB: this is a divergence from the Chicago Manual of Style which advises the use of a first full reference, but in Itinerario the endnotes immediately follow the bibliography, which makes for easy access to the full publishing data given there. For example:

Adas, Machines as the Measure of Men, 37-41.

Elisonas, "Inseparable Trinity," 235-6.

Goitein, Mediterranean Society, vol. 3, 45.

Kuitenbrouwer, M. "Het imperialisme-debat," 62-4.

O’Connor, "Social and Economic Organization," 322.

When referring to inclusive pages, include in the second number only the changed part of the first (e.g., 10-2 instead of 10-12, 335–46 instead of 335-346, 52000–1 instead of 52000-52001). NB: this is a divergence from the Chicago Manual of Style, which advocates a more complex system for abbreviating the second number.

Ibid. and idem Ibid. (short for ibidem, "the same", set roman) refers to the single work cited in the note immediately preceding. It should not be used if more than one work is cited in the preceding note. It takes the place of the author’s name, the title of the book, and as much of the succeeding material as is identical, including volume and page number(s):

495. Kannangara, History of the Ceylon Civil Service, 56.

496. Ibid., 69.

497. Ibid.

498. Mottau, Summary of Despatches, 8 February 1805.

499. Ibid., 1 January 1804, 5 October 1804.

500. Kannangara, History of the Ceylon Civil Service, 69.

Idem (set roman) can be used in place of an author’s name when successive references to works by the same author are made within a single note, but in general it is preferable to repeat the author’s last name.

See When directing the reader to another source either to provide confirmation or to provide an alternative perspective, use see (set roman), qualified by "for a contrary point of view" or other appropriate language.

References to unpublished material When referencing unpublished material, care should be taken that the reader be able to retrieve and check the material and that the reader be aware of the nature of the material. The depository (archive, library etc.) should be clearly indicated (by an abbreviation if used more than once) at the head of the reference, as should be the collection and serial or inventory number of the material at the end of the reference. If the matter has a title, the title must be given in inverted commas, followed by an indication of the nature of the material in brackets (which is, however, not necessary when the nature of the matter is explained in the main text). If the material has no title, another indication of the nature of the matter may be given (letter, speech etc.), preferably with a date.


Untitled document in endnote:

NA, Letter Masulipatam to Batavia 23 March 1676, VOC 1320: 666v.

or, if it is not clear from the main text what Masulipatam and Batavia signify:

NA, Letter Masulipatam factors to Governor General and Council at Batavia, 23 March 1676, VOC 1320: 666v.

Titled document in endnote:

OIOC, "The Annals of Condaved" (Translation ca. 1800 of original ca. 1735), Mss Eur, The Mackenzie general and miscellaneous collections 7: 47-109.

In the bibliography only a list of depositories and their relevant collections is given, and their abbreviations made intelligible, e.g.:

National Archives, The Hague (NA):

- Archives of the Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, the Dutch East India Company (VOC).

Oriental and India Office Collections, British Library, London (OIOC):

- The Mackenzie general and miscellaneous collections.

- Records of the factories of the English East India Company (Factory Records).


NA = National Archives, The Hague:

- VOC = the archives of the Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, the Dutch East India Company.

OIOC = Oriental and India Office Collections, British Library, London:

- The Mackenzie general and miscellaneous collections.

- Factory Records = records of the factories of the English East India Company.

If a particular manuscript is referred to numerous times, one may use the following form:


OIOC, "The Annals of Condaved," 53.


OIOC = Oriental and India Office Collections, British Library, London

"The Annals of Condaved" (translation ca. 1800 of original ca. 1735). Mss Eur, The Mackenzie general and miscellaneous collections 7: fols. 47-109.