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RAPPRESENTANZA DEGLI INTERESSI E POLITICHE PUBBLICHE NELL'UNIONE EUROPEA

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 July 2018

Introduzione

L'Unione Europea rappresenta una forma di pluralismo transnazionale che si diffonderà a cascata agli altri livelli del sistema europeo? O rappresenta piuttosto un tipo «pluralista-statocentrico» che influisce comunque in maniera determinante in primo luogo sulle arene statuali e in secondo luogo sulle arene di intermediazione degli interessi degli stati membri? Oppure ancora, si può pensare all'Unione Europea come ad una forma di governance completamente nuova, una cooperazione fra attori pubblici e privati orientata alla soluzione di problemi, che soppianterà da un lato la gerarchia esistente fra questi due tipi di attori, e dall'altro la competizione fra gruppi di interesse, sia a livello sovranazionale che a livello nazionale?

Summary

Summary

Authors have forwarded seemingly contradictory hypotheses on how European integration might impact on national interest intermediation. This paper advocates including the meso level in the analysis, i.e. looking systematically at the policy- and sector-specific characteristics in European governance. From that perspective, it seems that the impact of Euro-politics could be much more diverse (in the sense of differentiated between policy areas) than hitherto expected. In addition, we should pay attention to the existence (and limits) of different types of impact potentials of Euro-level patterns on the national systems. Although no uniform systems of interest politics can be expected, even in the longer run, persisting or even growing intra-system diversity of forms of public-private interaction might increasingly be accompanied by a trend of inter-system convergence of policy-specific networks due to Europeanisation.

Type
Saggi
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 by Società editrice il Mulino, Bologna 

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