Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-564cf476b6-zvgck Total loading time: 0.208 Render date: 2021-06-22T01:30:16.411Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

The Victorian genius of Earlswood – a review of the case of James Henry Pullen

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 June 2014

Conor Ward
Affiliation:
Departments of Anatomy & Physiology, Paediatrics and Maurice Kennedy Research Centre for Emeritus Staff, NUI University College Dublin, Ireland

Summary

London born James Henry Pullen (1836–1915) was admitted to Essex Hall in Colchester, an institution catering for learning disability, at the age of 13. Here his artistic talent was spotted before he moved two years later to Earlswood Asylum for Idiots, where he was apprenticed to woodworking. Such was his manual skill he was eventually employed making furniture for the asylum. His artistic propensity was similarly encouraged and although he never mastered coherent speech he has left a pictorial autobiography of some distinction. At observation he underwent detailed examination by Frederich Sano (1871–1946), particular attention being paid to tokens of arrested development. The clinical and pathological evidence of a pervasive developmental disorder points to a retrospective diagnosis of autism.

Type
Historical
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2005

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

1.Seguin, E. New facts and remarks concerning idiocy. Wood, New York. 1870:17.Google Scholar
2.Down, J L D. Mental affections of childhood and youth. Churchill, London. 1887: 99.Google ScholarPubMed
3.Foerstel, J. Early interest in the idiot savant. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1989; 146: 566.Google Scholar
4.Anonymous. Edinburgh Review, 1854; 122: 3774.Google Scholar
5. SRO Surrey/State Records Office,392/11/4/12. F104.Google Scholar
6.Wynter, A. The borderlands of insanity and allied papers. 1865. Pub R. Hardwick. London 1865: 164Google Scholar
7.Brady, C. Dublin, Hodges, Smith 4 Co. p. 29.Google Scholar
8.Millard, W. The idiot and his helpers. London, Simpkin Marshall. 1864: 23Google Scholar
9.Sano, F. Pachyméningitis hémorrhagique d'origine traumatique. Journal de Neurologia, 1909; 14: 321–3, et 466 seq.; passim.Google Scholar
10.In Memoriam. Frits Sano. Jaarboek en Verslagen, Academie voor Geneeskunde van Belgie. 1946; 8: 7276, with portrait.Google Scholar
11.Deckx, H. Appreciation. Frits Sano. Jaarboek en Verslagen, Academie voor Geneeskunde van Belgie. 1948; 1062–74Google Scholar
12.Sano, F. James Henry Pullen. Journal of Mental Science, 1918; 64: 251269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
13.Petersen, SE, Fox, PT, Posner, MI, Mintern, M, Raichle, ME. Positron emission tomographic studies of the cortical anatomy of single-word processing. Nature, 1988; 331:585589.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
14.Courchesne, E, Carper, R, Akshoomoff, N. Evidence of brain overgrowth in the first year of life in autism. Journal American Medical Association, 2003; 290:337344.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
15.Levitt, JG, Blanton, RE, Smalley, S, Thompson, PM, Guthrie, G, McCracken, JT, Sadoun, T, Heinichen, L, Toga, AW. Cortical sulcai maps in autism. Cerebral Cortex, 2003; 13: 728735.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
16.McAlonan, GM, Daly, E, Kumari, V, Critchley, HD, van Amelvoort, T, Suckling, J, Simmons, A, Sigmundsson, T, Greenwood, K, Russell, A, Schmitz, N, Happe, F, Howlin, P, Murphy, DG. Brain anatomy and sensorimotor gating in Asperger's syndrome. Brain, 2002; 125: 15941606.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
17.Ghuman, HS, Ghuman, JK. Pervasive developmental disorders and adolescence. In Textbook of Adolescent Psychiatry, edited by Rosner, R. London, Arnold. 2003: 257264.Google Scholar
18.Zeki, S, Shipp, S. The functional logic of cortical connections. Nature, 1988; 335:311317.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
19.Wilson, FAW, Scalaidhe, SP, Goldman-Rakic, PS. Dissociation of object and spatial processing domains in primate prefrontal cortex. Science, 1983; 260: 19551958.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
20.Holmes, G. Disturbances of visual orientation. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 1918;2:449480.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
21.Stein, JF. Representation of egocentric space in the posterior parietal cortex. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Physiology, 1989; 74: 583606.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
22.Fink, GR, Doolan, RJ, Halligan, PW, Marshall, JC, Frith, CD. Space-based and object-based visual attention, Brain, 1997; 120: 20132018.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
23.Castelli, F, Frith, C, Happé, F, Frith, U. Autism, Asperger syndrome and brain mechanisms for the attribution of mental states to animated shapes. Brain, 2002; 25: 18391849.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
24.Snyder, AW, Mitchell, DJ. Is integer arithmetic fundamental to mental processing?The mind's secret arithmetic. Proceedings Royal Society London, B, 1999; 266: 587592.Google ScholarPubMed

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The Victorian genius of Earlswood – a review of the case of James Henry Pullen
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

The Victorian genius of Earlswood – a review of the case of James Henry Pullen
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

The Victorian genius of Earlswood – a review of the case of James Henry Pullen
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *