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QIZQAPAN: A ROCK-CUT TOMB FROM THE MEDIAN, ACHAEMENID, SELEUCID OR PARTHIAN PERIOD?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 August 2021

Abstract

More than eight decades have passed since Edmonds's introduction to the rock-cut Tomb of Qizqapan, yet there are still ambiguities and questions regarding a number of aspects, specifically its dating. Different dates from the Median, Achaemenid, Seleucid, and Parthian periods have been proposed for this monument. However, out of all the proposed eras, none has been fully accepted by the majority of archaeologists, and disagreements regarding the date still continue. This article reviews and analyses previous proposals and discusses and evaluates other elements which affect the dating of this monument. The results show that by taking into account several factors, the most probable date for this tomb is the fourth century B.C., contemporaneous with the late Achaemenid and the early Seleucid period. The conclusion is that Qizqapan does have a Median identity but not a Median period date.

مرت أكثر من ثمانية عقود على تقديم أدموندز ’Edmonds لقبر قزقاپان المنحوت في الصخر، ولكن لا يزال هناك غموض وأسئلة تتعلق بعدد من المواضيع ذات العلاقة بهذا القبر خصوصا ما يتعلق بالتسلسل الزمني . الى حد هذا اليوم هناك تواريخ مختلفة مقترحة لهذه النصب التذكارية من العصور الميدية والأخمينية والسلوقية والبارثية . ولكن من جميع هذه العصور او الفترات ليس هناك أي منها مقبول من قبل أغلبية العلماء الأثريين ولا يزال الاختلاف في وجهات النظر حولها جاريا لحد الآن . في هذا البحث وبعد مراجعة وتحليل الآراء السابقة، تتم مناقشة وتقييم العوامل الأخرى التي لها تأثير على التسلسل الزمني لهذا النصب . وتبين نتائج هذا البحث أنه بأخذ عدد من العوامل المؤثرة في التسلسل التاريخي لقزقاپان بالاعتبار، فأن التأريخ الأكثر احتمالا لهذا القبر هو القرن الرابع قبل الميلاد المرادف للعصر الأخميني المتأخر والسلوقي المبكر. وأستنتج من ذلك أن قزقاپان له مرجعية ميديه ولكن ليس تسلسل ميدي زمني .

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The British Institute for the Study of Iraq 2021

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QIZQAPAN: A ROCK-CUT TOMB FROM THE MEDIAN, ACHAEMENID, SELEUCID OR PARTHIAN PERIOD?
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