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United Nations Security Council Resolution 2354 & Comprehensive International Framework to Counter Terrorist Narratives

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 March 2018

Andreas Motzfeldt Kravik*
Andreas Motzfeldt Kravik is Counsellor (Legal Affairs) at the Permanent Mission of Norway to the United Nations. The views and opinions expressed in this note are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect those of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.


On May 24, 2017, the Security Council (Council) adopted Resolution 2354 on countering terrorist narratives, endorsing a proposal developed by its Counter-Terrorism Committee for a “Comprehensive international framework to counter terrorist narratives” (Comprehensive Framework). With this resolution, adopted unanimously by the Council and co-sponsored by close to sixty governments, the Council urged member states to implement the Framework in order to promote positive and credible alternatives to audiences receptive to extremist ideology.

International Legal Documents
Copyright © 2018 by The American Society of International Law 

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2 Letter dated April 26, 2017, from the Chair of the Security Council Committee Established Pursuant to Resolution 1373 (2001) Concerning Counter-Terrorism Addressed to the President of the Security Council, UN Doc. S/2017/375 (Apr. 28, 2017), available at [hereinafter Framework].

3 Presidential Statement, UN Doc. S/PRST/2016/6 (May 11, 2016), available at

4 Id. ¶ 13.

5 The Committee (CTC) was established by Security Council Resolution 1373 (2001), adopted unanimously on September 28, 2001, in the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks in the United States.

6 CTED was established by Resolution 1535 (2004) to assist the work of the CTC and coordinate the process of monitoring the implementation of Resolution 1373 (2001).

7 The Council held only one open meeting on “preventing the exploitation of ICT for terrorist purposes” in December 2016. See International Federation for Human Rights, Countering Terrorist Narratives at the Expense of Human Rights? The UN Security Council Sets the Alarming Tone (May 24, 2017), available at

8 Framework, supra note 2, ¶ 2.

9 Id. ¶ 6.

10 Id. ¶ 8.

11 Id. ¶ 9–13.

12 Id. ¶ 17.

13 Id. ¶ 18.

14 Id. ¶ 17.

15 Resolution, supra note 1, operative paragraph 1.

16 Id., operative paragraph 2(c).

17 Id., operative paragraph 2(d).

18 Id., operative paragraph 2(j).

19 Report of the Secretary-General, Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism, UN Doc. A/70/674 (Dec. 24, 2015), available at

20 GA Res. 70/291, operative paragraph 40 (July 19, 2016), available at