Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-7ccbd9845f-dzwm5 Total loading time: 0.251 Render date: 2023-01-28T13:53:57.116Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

United Nations General Assembly Resolution on the Right to Privacy in the Digital Age

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Anupam Chander
Affiliation:
California International Law Center University of Connecticut School of Law and Human Rights Institute
Molly Land
Affiliation:
California International Law Center

Extract

Although it provides limited normative guidance, the General Assembly’s recent resolution, “The right to privacy in the digital age,” signals both renewed international interest in the human right to privacy as well as a commitment by United Nations (UN) institutions to explore the meaning of this right in the digital age.

Type
International Legal Materials
Copyright
Copyright © American Society of International Law 2014

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

1 The Right to Privacy in the Digital Age, G.A. Res. 68/167, U.N. Doc. A/RES/68/167 (Dec. 18, 2014) [hereinafter G.A. Res. 68/167], available at http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/167.

2 Press Release, U.S. Dept. of Justice, U.S. Charges Five Chinese Military Hackers for Cyber Espionage Against U.S. Corporations and a Labor Organization for Commercial Advantage (May 19, 2014), http://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/2014/May/14-ag-528.html.

3 By the time the resolution was approved by the General Assembly’s Third Committee, the sponsors included Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Denmark, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Latvia, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, the Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Switzerland, Timor-Leste, Tunisia, Turkey, Togo, Ukraine, and Uruguay. The Third Committee adopted the draft resolution without a vote. U.N. GAOR 68th Sess., 51st 3rd Comm. Mtg. at 6, U.N. Doc. A/C.3/68/SR.51 (Nov. 26, 2013), available at http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/C.3/68/SR.51; U.N. GAOR 68th Sess., 43rd 3rd Comm. Mtg. at 8, U.N. Doc. A/C.3/68/SR.43 (Nov. 7, 2013), available at http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/C.3/68/SR.43; U.N. G.A., 3rd Comm., Revised Draft Resolution, Right to Privacy in the Digital Age, U.N. Doc. A/C.3/68/L.45/Rev.1 (Nov. 20, 2013), available at http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/C.3/68/L.45/Rev.1

4 U.N. G.A., 3rd Comm., Draft Resolution, Right to Privacy in the Digital Age, U.N. Doc. A/C.3/68/L.45 (Nov. 1, 2013).

5 Colum Lynch, Inside America’s Plan to Kill Online Privacy Rights Everywhere, FOREIGN POLICY: THE CABLE (Nov. 20, 2013, 1:10 p.m.), http://thecable.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2013/11/20/exclusive_inside_americas_plan_to_kill_online_ privacy_rights_everywhere.

6 Colum Lynch, U.S. to Back Privacy Resolution It Knee- Capped, FOREIGN POLICY: THE CABLE (Nov. 23, 2013, 8:55 a.m.), http://thecable.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2013/11/23/the_us_to_back_privacy_resolution_it_knee_capped.

7 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, G.A. Res. 217 (III) A, U.N. Doc A/RES/217(III) (Dec. 10, 1948).

8 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, art. 17, opened for signature Dec. 19, 1966, 999 U.N.T.S. 171 (entered into force Mar. 23, 1976).

9 Id.

10 Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression, Rep. of the Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression, Human Rights Council, U.N. Doc. A/HRC/23/40 (April 17, 2013) (by Frank La Rue) [hereinafter Rep. of the Special Rapporteur].

11 Human Rights Comm., General Comment No. 34 on Article 19: Freedoms of Opinion and Expression, ¶15, U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/GC/34 (Sep. 12, 2011); Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression, Rep. of the Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression, Human Rights Council, U.N. Doc. A/HRC/17/27 (May 16, 2011) (by Frank La Rue); Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression, The Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression: Rep. of the Special Rapporteur, Comm’n on Human Rights, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/2006/55 (Dec. 30, 2005) (by Ambeyi Ligabo); Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression, Rep. of the Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression, Comm’n on Human Rights, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/2002/75 (Jan. 30, 2002) (by Abid Hussain).

12 See Rep. of the Special Rapporteur, supra note 10, ¶¶ 15–17.

13 G.A. Res. 68/167, supra note 1.

14 Id.

15 See, e.g., MARKO MILANOVIC, EXTRATERRITORIAL APPLICATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS TREATIES: LAW, PRINCIPLES, AND POLICY (2011); Peter Margulies, The NSA in Global Perspective: Surveillance, Human Rights, and International Counterterrorism, 82 FORDHAM L. REV. 2137 (2014).

16 Fourth Periodic Report of the United States of America, Human Rights Comm., ¶¶ 504–510, U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/USA/4 (May 22, 2012); Replies of the United States to the List of Issues, Human Rights Committee, ¶ 2, U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/USA/ Q/4/Add.1 (Sept. 13, 2013).

17 Charlie Savage, U.S. Seems Unlikely to Accept That Rights Treaty Applies to Its Actions Abroad, N.Y. TIMES, Mar. 6, 2014; see also Beth Van Schaack, The United States’ Position on the Extraterritorial Application of Human Rights Obligations: Now is the Time for Change, 90 INT’L L. STUD. 20 (2014).

18 See Lynch, supra note 5.

19 Rep. of the Special Rapporteur, supra note 10, ¶ 29.

20 Id. ¶¶ 54–62, 65–71.

21 Id. ¶¶ 82–83, 91–94.

22 Case C-131/12, Google Spain SL v. AEPD, 2014 EUR-Lex 62012CJ0131 (May 13, 2014).

23 Trudo Lemmens, Access to Pharmaceutical Data, Not Data Secrecy, is an Essential Component of Human Rights, UNIV. TORONTO FACULTY OF LAW BLOG (April 8, 2014), http://www.law.utoronto.ca/blog/faculty/access-pharmaceuticaldata-should-be-framed-human-right-not-data-secrecy.

1 Resolution 217 A (III).

2 See resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

3 A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

4 A/HRC/23/40 and Corr.1.

37
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

United Nations General Assembly Resolution on the Right to Privacy in the Digital Age
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

United Nations General Assembly Resolution on the Right to Privacy in the Digital Age
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

United Nations General Assembly Resolution on the Right to Privacy in the Digital Age
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *