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Questions of the Delimitation of the Continental Shelf between Nicaragua and Colombia beyond 200 Nautical Miles from the Nicaraguan Coast

International Court of Justice.  17 March 2016 .

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 January 2021

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Abstract

International Court of Justice — Jurisdiction — American Treaty on Pacific Settlement, 1948 (“Pact of Bogotá”), Article XXXI — Nicaragua instituting proceedings against Colombia — Nicaragua’s First Request concerning delimitation of continental shelf between Parties in area beyond 200 nautical miles from Nicaraguan coast — Nicaragua’s Second Request requesting Court to determine principles and rules of international law governing right and duties of two States in relevant area pending delimitation — Whether Court having jurisdiction to entertain application — Colombia raising preliminary objections — Whether Court lacking jurisdiction ratione temporis — Pact of Bogotá — Denunciation by Colombia — Interpretation of Pact of Bogotá — Whether Article XXXI of Pact of Bogotá remaining in force on date of application — Effect of second paragraph of Article LVI — Whether effet utile principle applicable — Travaux préparatoires — Whether Court having “continuing jurisdiction” — Whether Court having already fully dealt with Nicaragua’s claims regarding delimitation of continental shelf between Nicaragua and Colombia beyond 200 nautical miles of Nicaraguan coast — 2012 Judgment — Whether Nicaragua’s claim barred by way of res judicata — Issue concerning Article 76(8) of United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982 — Whether application attempt to revise 2012 Judgment — Admissibility of application

Treaties — Denunciation — Effect — Interpretation — American Treaty on Pacific Settlement, 1948 (“Pact of Bogotá”) — Whether Article XXXI of Pact of Bogotá remaining in force on date of application — Effect of second paragraph of Article LVI — Transmission of notification — One-year period between denunciation and termination of Pact — Institution of proceedings during one-year period — Object and purpose of Pact — A contrario interpretation — Effet utile principle — Whether applicable — Travaux préparatoires — Whether Court having jurisdiction by means of Article XXXI of Pact of Bogotá — Whether necessary for Court to consider other bases of jurisdiction

General principles of international law — Res judicata — Identity between parties, object and legal ground — Final and definitive determination of Nicaragua’s extended continental shelf claim — Scope of 2012 Judgment — Meaning of operative clause established by reference to reasoning of Judgment — Nicaragua’s obligation to submit information on limits of extended continental shelf to Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (“CLCS”) — Article 76 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982 (“UNCLOS”) — Whether Nicaragua’s claim to a continental shelf barred by res judicata

Sea — Maritime delimitation — Delimitation of continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles — Role and function of Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (“CLCS”) — Delineation not delimitation — Article 76 of United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982 (“UNCLOS”) — Delimitation of continental shelf governed by Article 83 of UNCLOS — Whether obligation to obtain recommendation by CLCS before International Court of Justice could delimit continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles

Type
Case Report
Copyright
© Cambridge University Press 2020

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